Today is Wednesday, Aug. 7, the 219th day of 2013. There are 146 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1782: Gen. George Washington creates the Order of the Purple Heart, a decoration to recognize merit in enlisted men and noncommissioned officers.
1882: The famous feud between the Hatfields of West Virginia and the McCoys of Kentucky erupts into full-scale violence.
1927: The already opened Peace Bridge connecting Buffalo, N.Y., and Fort Erie, Ontario, Canada, is officially dedicated.
1942: U.S. and other allied forces land at Guadalcanal, marking the start of the first major allied offensive in the Pacific during World War II. (Japanese forces abandon the island the following February.)
1947: The balsa wood raft Kon-Tiki, which had carried a six-man crew 4,300 miles across the Pacific Ocean, crashes into a reef in a Polynesian archipelago; all six crew members reach land safely.
1959: The United States launches the Explorer 6 satellite, which sends back images of Earth.
1963: First lady Jacqueline Kennedy gives birth to a boy, Patrick Bouvier Kennedy, who dies two days later of respiratory distress syndrome.
1988: U.S. Rep. James A. Traficant Jr. is trying to persuade Peter J. Schmitt Co. to locate its entire grocery supply operation in the Mahoning Valley.
Mayor Patrick J. Ungaro’s administration is working on a plan to save the city money on garbage disposal by increasing recycling.
1973: Steve Treharn, a member of the McKinley Heights Fire Department, is credited with saving the life of Jesse L. Smith, 17, whose car left Tibbetts-Wick Road and landed upside down in 6 feet of water.
Betty Jean Anderson, 23, of Garyville, La., testifies before U.S. District Judge Leroy Conti in Cleveland that she did not know she was pregnant when she gave birth to a baby who was found in the toilet of a United Airlines plane at Youngstown Municipal Airport.
Youngstown police are investigating the possibility that a fire in the city jail that severely injured two inmates may have been a diversion for a jail break.
1963: More than 200 people scour a wooded area near Shillings Mill on the Mahoning-Portage line searching for Joe Greer, 14, who ran into the area after being struck by a car while riding his bicycle. The boy, who police believe was hiding in fear of getting in trouble for demolishing his bicycle, is found after 18 hours.
Federal officials in Chicago approve Youngstown’s choice of contractors for a $1.1 million sidewalk reconstruction program.
The underworld sets a price of $100,000 on the head of Joseph Valachi, the informant who has given authorities their best information on the Cosa Nostra.
1938: Statistics released by the Department of Education show that the amount spent by the Youngstown school district between 1931 and 1936 lagged far behind the sums expended by other cities of more than 100,000 population.
Testifying before the Senate Civil Liberties Committee, John Mayo, a CIO organizer, alleges that Republic Steel Corp. police engineered the bloody “Stop Five riot” during the Little Steel Strike in order to “raise the law and order issue.”
The abandoned Smith Brewery on Federal Street has become home to a group of 40 unemployed men. The county does not provide aid to homeless single men unless they are determined to be “deserving” transients.