Today is Friday, April 19, the 109th day of 2013. There are 256 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1775: The American Revolutionary War begins with the battles of Lexington and Concord.
1933: The United States goes off the gold standard.
1943: Tens of thousands of Jews in the Warsaw Ghetto begin a valiant but ultimately futile battle against Nazi forces.
1982:Astronauts Sally K. Ride and Guion S. Bluford Jr. become the first woman and first African-American to be tapped for U.S. space missions.
1993: The 51-day siege at the Branch Davidian compound near Waco, Texas, ends as fire destroys the structure after federal agents begin smashing their way in; dozens of people, including sect leader David Koresh, are killed.
1995: A truck bomb destroys the Alfred P. Murrah Federal Building in Oklahoma City, killing 168 people. (Bomber Timothy McVeigh is later convicted of federal murder charges and executed.)
2005: Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger of Germany is elected pope in the first conclave of the new millennium; he takes the name Benedict XVI.
1988: A plan to cut guidance counselors from three to two at each of Youngstown’s five high schools has sparked a furor among community agencies that serve youth in crisis, but Superintendent Emanuel N. Catsoules says he will recommend the plan even if voters pass two school levies in May.
Two Youngstown State University members of student government may soon take seats on the university’s board of trustees under a proposal by Marvin Robinson, YSU student government president, who lobbied for a state law to allow student trustees.
1973: David Milenthal, chief of the Environmental Protection Agency’s Public Interest Center, says during a symposium at Schewbel Auditorium at YSU that the Ohio EPA does not propose shutting down industrial firms in the Mahoning River Basin.
Fred G. Gronvall, president of the Downtown Board of Trade, reports that ridership on downtown buses was more than 1,200 above normal on 10-cent Saturday.
The Seventh District Court of Appeals reverses a ruling of Common Pleas Judge Sidney Rigelhaupt that restored Marian Evanovits to her teaching job at Hayes Middle School from which she was transferred in 1972 during a period of disturbances and parental complaints about discipline at the school.
1963:Four Youngstown men arrested on charges of promoting a numbers game on the grounds of North Side Hospital plead guilty in Trumbull County Common Pleas Court and are fined$500 and given suspended 30-day jail sentences.
Two Youngstown physicians, Dr. Louis Bloomberg and Dr. David B. Brown, escape injury when their single-engine plane crash lands off Lockwood Blvd. after losing power after taking off from Southern Airways.
1938: Gov. Martin Davey suspends Benjamin Bontempo of Cleveland, president of the state board of barber examiners, pending investigation of a report that Bontempo was involved in a scheme to blackmail barbers to force their joining a union.
Mrs. Bernard Hirshberg, 81, widow of the owner of Strouss-Hirshberg Co. who died in 1931, dies at her home at 260 Tod Lane after a long illness.