Today is Sunday, Sept. 16, the 260th day of 2012. There are 106 days left in the year. The Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashana, begins at sunset.
On this date in:
1498: Tomas de Torquemada, notorious for his role in the Spanish Inquisition, dies in Avila, Spain.
1810: Mexicans are inspired to begin their successful revolt against Spanish rule by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and his “Grito de Dolores (Cry of Dolores).”
1857: The song “Jingle Bells” by James Pierpont is copyrighted under its original title, “One Horse Open Sleigh.” (The song, while considered a Christmastime perennial, was actually written by Pierpont for Thanksgiving.)
1893: More than 100,000 settlers swarm onto a section of land in Oklahoma known as the “Cherokee Strip.”
1908: General Motors is founded in Flint, Mich., by William C. Durant.
1919: The American Legion receives a national charter from Congress.
1940: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs into law the Selective Training and Service Act.
Samuel T. Rayburn of Texas is elected Speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives.
1953: “The Robe,” the first movie presented in the widescreen process CinemaScope, has its world premiere at the Roxy Theater in New York.
1972: “The Bob Newhart Show” premieres on CBS.
1977: Maria Callas, the American-born prima donna famed for her lyric soprano and fiery temperament, dies in Paris at age 53.
1982: The massacre of between 1,200 and 1,400 Palestinian men, women and children at the hands of Israeli-allied Christian Phalange militiamen begins in west Beirut’s Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
1987: Two dozen countries sign the Montreal Protocol, a treaty designed to save the Earth’s ozone layer by calling on nations to reduce emissions of harmful chemicals by the year 2000.
1992: Former U.S. Rep. Millicent Fenwick, R-N.J., dies at age 82.
1987: State Rep. JosephJ. Vukovich III of Poland urges township residents to launch a full-scale protest against long-haul garbage being dumped in a local landfill.
The Ohio Board of Education reminds the Youngstown Board of Education and striking Youngstown teachers that state law requires that teachers work 182 days a year, including two in-service days.
Ohio Sen. Howard Metzenbaum questions Supreme Court nominee Robert Bork on his role in advising President Richard Nixon on the legal ramifications of refusing to turn over information to special prosecutors investigating Watergate.
1972: High-ranking federal and state officials are expected in Youngstown for the topping-out ceremonies for City Centre One downtown, formerly known as the KMS building.
Three men and a woman, members of a motorcycle club, are being held by Youngstown police in the fatal beating of Frank Mengor Jr., 38, owner of Mick’s Tavern at 811 South Ave.
Anthony Vivo, Mahoning County clerk of courts, is presented an award of merit from the State Department for “outstanding community service” during citizenship ceremonies in Mahoning County Courthouse.
1962: A.S. Glossbrenner, president of Youngstown Sheet & Tube co., warns that disciplinary action may be taken against leaders of a strike that has shutdown steelmakng at the company’s Campbell plant, idling 4,00 workers. He says the strike is a violation of the contract and could bring dismissal.
More than 1,000 Indians attend ceremonies on the only remaining Indian reservation in Ohio, which will be inundated by the waters of the Kinzua dam. The reservation was established in a 1794 treaty and has been home to Senecas, Tuscaroras, Onondagas, Cayugas, Oneidas and St. Regis Mohawks.
Donald F. Narry, president of the Youngstown Firefighters Association, asks for a meeting with the Civil Service Commission to discuss an accusation that all of the questions on tests for assistant chief, battalion chief, captain and engineer, did not come from source material that was listed in the examination notices as required.
Dr. Stanley Hoerr, staff surgeon of the Cleveland Clinic Foundation, is installed as president of the Ohio chapter of the American College of Surgeon during the group’s seventh annual meeting at the Hotel Pick-Ohio in Youngstown.
Mahoning County Medical Society members say they are confident that there is very little likelihood of ill affects from the Type III Sabin oral vaccine.
1937: Police and East High School authorities unite in a hunt for a young man who attacked a 17-year-old East Side girl as she walked through woods between the school and Cassius Avenue. Ten suspects were rounded up but released when the girl identified none of them.
Youngstown and nine other Northern Ohio cities unite to fight a gas rate change sought by East Ohio as. Co.
The proposed Beaver-Mahoning Canal through Youngstown loses one of its best friends with the retirement of Major Gen. Edward M. Markham, chief of Army engineers, who has supported the project from the start. He will be succeeded by Col. Julian L. Schley.