Today is Saturday, Oct. 27, the 301st day of 2012. There are 65 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1787: The first of the Federalist Papers, a series of essays calling for ratification of the United States Constitution, is published under the pseudonym “Publius” (the essays were a collaborative effort by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay).
1886: The musical fantasy “A Night on Bald Mountain,” written by Modest Mussorgsky and revised after his death by Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov, is performed in St. Petersburg, Russia.
1904: The first rapid transit subway, the IRT, is inaugurated in New York City.
1922: The first annual celebration of Navy Day takes place.
1938: Du Pont announces a name for its new synthetic yarn: “nylon.”
1962: During the Cuban Missile Crisis, a U-2 reconnaissance aircraft is shot down while flying over Cuba, killing the pilot, U.S. Air Force Maj. Rudolf Anderson Jr.
1978: Egyptian President Anwar Sadat and Israeli Prime Minister Menachem Begin are named winners of the Nobel Peace Prize for their progress toward achieving a Middle East accord.
1987: Tom Cavalier, president of Butler Wick & Co., says program trading is in part responsible for dramatic drops in the stock market of 506 points on one Monday and 156 points the following Monday.
In yet another case of arson in Liberty Township, the 80-year-old barn owned by Russel Banner on Crew Hood Road burns to the ground. The barn contained a crop of hay owned by Robert Banner.
Forest Beckett, Youngstown aviation pioneer who built Beckett Aviation from one single-engine airplane into one of the world’s largest feet of executive aircraft, says liability insurance has driven up the cost of doing business dramatically.
1972: Adrian A. Wible, former principal of McDonald High School, began saving front pages of The Vindicator during World War II and recently took a year to bind more than 1,300 pages into a 56-pound book that is on display at Marietta College Library.
Speaking for the Youngstown FOP, Patrolman Tim Maloney says Police Chief Donald Baker’s plan calling for one-man cruisers would place patrol officers in legal and physical danger.
Henry Kissinger, advisor to President Richard Nixon, says “peace is at hand” in Vietnam. The announcement brings high hopes to the family of Lt. Cmdr. Robert Shumaker of New Castle, Pa., the first U.S. pilot captured by the North Vietnamese on Feb. 11, 1965.
1962: Five people die in weekend traffic accidents in the Youngstown area, including two high school girls coming home from football games, Joyce Kopey, 18, of Boardman, and Phyllis Hancock, 16, of Wilmington Area High School.
Thieves escape with guns and general merchandise valued at $2,000 in a burglary at the Stambaugh Thompson store in the Boardman Plaza.
The National Association of Negro Business and Professional Women holds its national convention at the Hotel Pick-Ohio in Youngstown.
1937: Youngstown steelman Benjamin Fairless, 47, is named president of United States Steel Corp., a vast empire of steel mills, ore and coal mines, railways and steam ships.
Dr. W.O. Mermis is credited with saving the life of Eric Sucher, 15, who was admitted to South Side Hospital with a stab wound of the heart. Mermis opened the boy’s chest, severed three ribs, pulled the heart through the opening and sewed up a hole in the right ventricle while the heart pulsated on his hand.
Alta Mulch of Columbiana, a bookkeeper at the Home Savings and Loan Co., wins the only prize awarded in the Youngstown district in a nationwide short story contest. Her story, “Night Job,” deals with the depression and the steel strike.
The Rt. Rev. Msgr. Nicholas J. Franche, 86, the oldest priest in the Cleveland Diocese and chaplain at Villa Maria Convent for 60 years, dies in St. Elizabeth hospital of pneumonia.