Today is Sunday, Oct. 14, the 288th day of 2012. There are 78 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1066: Normans under William the Conqueror defeat the English at the Battle of Hastings.
1890: Dwight D. Eisenhower, 34th president of the United States, is born in Denison, Texas.
1912: Former President Theodore Roosevelt, campaigning for the White House as the Progressive candidate, is shot in the chest in Milwaukee by New York saloonkeeper John Schrank. Despite the wound, Roosevelt goes ahead with a scheduled speech, declaring, “It takes more than one bullet to kill a bull moose.”
1939: A German U-boat torpedoes and sinks the HMS Royal Oak, a British battleship anchored at Scapa Flow in Scotland’s Orkney Islands; 833 of the more than 1,200 men aboard are killed.
1944: German Field Marshal Erwin Rommel commits suicide rather than face execution for allegedly conspiring against Adolf Hitler.
1947: Air Force test pilot Charles E. (“Chuck”) Yeager breaks the sound barrier as he flies the experimental Bell XS-1 (later X-1) rocket plane over Muroc Dry Lake in California.
1960: Democratic presidential candidate John F. Kennedy suggests the idea of a Peace Corps while addressing an audience of students at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.
1964: Civil rights leader Martin Luther King Jr. is named winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
1977: Singer Bing Crosby dies outside Madrid, Spain, at age 74.
1987: A 58-hour drama begins in Midland, Texas, as 18-month-old Jessica McClure slides 22 feet down an abandoned well at a private day care center.
1987: The owners of the Youngstown 76 Auto-Truck plaza say they are hiring off-duty Austintown police officers to combat the problem of prostitutes working the 375 trucks that park there on a typical night.
Democrats on the House Ways and Means Committee propose raising $12 billion — about half the projected deficit — through a series of tax measures aimed primarily at corporations and the rich. Republicans refused to participate in the process.
Hourly workers on a picket line at Commercial Shearing Inc. say they’ve become immune to company threats to move. “We want to either live good or they can shut the damn place down,” says one worker, Cliff Glass.
1972: Vying for Homecoming Queen at Youngstown State University: Janet Slife, Rosemarie Delia, Peggy Drake, Evie Kun, Nancy Little, Diane Fetchet, Gretchen Kasmer and Irene Papadakos.
Youngstown Bishop James W. Malone will be transferred from St. Elizabeth hospital to Rozwell Park Institute in Buffalo, N.Y., for treatment of stomach cancer.
Wean United Inc. books a rolling mill machinery order valued at more than $6 million from USINOR of France, one of Europe’s largest steelmakers.
1962: The Mahoning County Welfare Advisory Board is discussing a plan that will replace cash payments with food vouchers for people on relief.
Pianist Theodore Lettvin is the guest soloist for the opening concert in the Youngstown Philharmonic Orchestra’s 36th season at Stambaugh Auditorium. The conductor is John Krueger.
1937: Sharon Steel Corp. reports a net profit of $1.6 million for the first nine months of the year, an increase of more than $300,000 over the profits for all of 1936.
Twenty-one of the nation’s richest men announce they are uniting across party lines behind President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s call to wipe out polio.
A group of South Side liquor and beer dealers are defeated in the Ohio Supreme Court in their long legal battle to avoid being forced to close as a result of a vote by five Youngstown precincts to go “dry.”