Today is Saturday, Oct. 13, the 287th day of 2012. There are 79 days left in the year.
On this date in:
A.D. 54: Roman Emperor Claudius I dies, poisoned apparently at the behest of his wife, Agrippina.
1775: The United States Navy has its origins as the Continental Congress orders the construction of a naval fleet.
1792: The cornerstone of the executive mansion, later known as the White House, is laid during a ceremony in the District of Columbia.
1843: The Jewish organization B’nai B’rith is founded in New York City.
1932: President Herbert Hoover and Chief Justice Charles Evan Hughes lay the cornerstone for the U.S. Supreme Court building in Washington.
1944: American troops enter Aachen, Germany, during World War II.
1960: John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon hold the third televised debate of their presidential campaign (Nixon was in Los Angeles, Kennedy in New York).
1962: Edward Albee’s searing four-character drama “Who’s Afraid of Virginia Woolf?” opens on Broadway with Arthur Hill as George, Uta Hagen as Martha, George Grizzard as Nick and Melinda Dillon (whose 23rd birthday it was) as Honey.
1972: A Uruguayan chartered flight carrying 45 people crashes in the Andes; 16 survivors who resort to feeding off the remains of some of the dead in order to stay alive are rescued more than two months later.
1981: Voters in Egypt participate in a referendum to elect Vice President Hosni Mubarak the new president, one week after the assassination of Anwar Sadat.
2010: Rescuers in Chile using a missile-like escape capsule pull 33 men one by one to fresh air and freedom 69 days after they are trapped in a collapsed mine a half-mile underground.
1987: Forbes magazine lists the nation’s 400 wealthiest individuals, which now include 49 billionaires. One of them is Edward J. DeBartolo Sr. of Youngstown, valued at $1.25 billion, second in Ohio only to Leslie H. Wexner of Columbus.
Willard Kelly, 86, is found stabbed to death in the backyard of his home on state Route 344, Leetonia.
Two British development specialists who have studied Youngstown’s economic revitalization effort say a single agency is needed to pull together various development efforts in the area.
1972: Mahoning County vegetable farmer Raymond Carr and Columbiana County dairyman Hugh McCracken are named county “Farmers of the Year” by the Cleveland Farmers’ Club.
The Youngstown Area United Appeal reports $387,752 at its first reporting meeting toward a campaign goal of $1,894, 200.
1962: Judy Rae Bushong of Springfield Local High School near Akron returns to class after reaching an agreement that allows her to wear 1890s style bloomers to gym class rather than the gym uniform that exposed her knees and to which she objected.
Michael Scahill, 14, of Byron Street, Youngstown, is recuperating in St. Elizabeth Hospital after being wounded in the leg by a shotgun blast while target shooting with friends on the East Side.
Bondsman Mario J. Guerrieri, whose home at 1632 Fifth Ave. was destroyed by a bomb blast, says he will sue Police Chief William R. Golden for $50,000, for holding him for 11 hours “like a common criminal” the night of the bombing.
Philip Panno, Youngstown 2nd Ward councilman, asks for a meeting between council and the Mahoning County Board of Elections to discuss reapportionment of the city’s wards.
1937: James Dalhover, a wounded survivor of Al Brady’s gang, tells Bangor, Maine, police that the gang killed three policemen during its crime spree, including Ohio Trooper George Conn near New Philadelphia on Sept. 28.
A record 2,000 tickets are sold for the opening concert of the Youngstown Symphony Orchestra at Stambaugh Auditorium.