Today is Thursday, Oct. 11, the 285th day of 2012. There are 81 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1779: Polish nobleman Casimir Pulaski, fighting for American independence, dies two days after being wounded during the Revolutionary War Battle of Savannah, Ga.
1862: During the Civil War, Confederate forces led by Gen. J.E.B. Stuart loot the town of Chambersburg, Pa.
1932: The first American political telecast takes place as the Democratic National Committee sponsors a program from a CBS television studio in New York.
1958: The lunar probe Pioneer 1 is launched; it fails to go as far out as planned, falls back to Earth, and burns up in the atmosphere.
1962: Pope John XXIII convenes the first session of the Roman Catholic Church’s Second Vatican Council, also known as “Vatican 2.”
1968: Apollo 7, the first manned Apollo mission, is launched with astronauts Wally Schirra, Donn Fulton Eisele and R. Walter Cunningham aboard.
1992: In the first of three presidential debates, three candidates face off against each other in St. Louis, Mo. — President George H.W. Bush, Arkansas Gov. Bill Clinton and businessman Ross Perot.
1987: Youngstown Mayor Patrick J. Ungaro asks a city lawyer to research the feasibility of disbanding the Mahoning Valley Sanitary District Board and replacing it with a panel of representatives from area communities.
The Ohio Department of Transportation plans to erect 7,900 feet of protective wall along Interstate 80 to protect Meander Reservoir, which provides water for 300,000 Valley residents against a contaminating spill.
1972: The Ohio Water Pollution Control Board orders Mahoning Valley communities to upgrade their sewage treatment facilities to comply with a river clean-up plan the board unveiled in July.
Dr. Frederick J. Bierkamp, 87, an ear-eye specialist in the Youngstown area for more than 50 years, dies at his Tod Lane home following a stroke.
A crowd of 1,000 braves a 49-degree chill to witness the glittering Columbus Day parade in Downtown Youngstown.
1962: The Ohio Division of Securities says a Northeastern Ohio ring operating out of Youngstown has sold a million dollars worth of illegal securities in gas and oil wells.
Judy Rae Bushong, 17-year-old daughter of a minister who feels that exposing her knees in gym class is immoral, is expelled from Springfield Township schools near Akron for refusing to wear bloomer-type shorts used by other girls in the school.
The Youngstown Area Chamber of Commerce adopts a new term “Yohio” to designate the immediate urban area that has strong economic ties to the city of Youngstown.
1937: Young people of Mahoning County affiliated with the Youth Council of the Federated Churches are planning a night club where no alcoholic beverages will be served and there will be no gambling.
Geno Pabovan, 19, of Warren, long a caddy and student of golf, edges out Tommy Ellwook, 64-year-old Niles lumber company owner, for the Eastwood Golf Club championship, shooting a 71 on the par 70 course.
Cornelius R. James of Sharon, the area’s most famous seaman, has made more than 300 trips across the Atlantic in 17 years as a crewman on ocean liners.