Today is Tuesday, Nov. 13, the 318th day of 2012. There are 48 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1789: Benjamin Franklin writes in a letter to a friend, Jean-Baptiste Leroy: “In this world nothing can be said to be certain, except death and taxes.”
1909: Two hundred and fifty-nine men and boys are killed when fire erupts inside a coal mine in Cherry, Ill.
1937: The NBC Symphony Orchestra, formed exclusively for radio broadcasting, makes its debut.
1942: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a measure lowering the minimum draft age from 21 to 18.
1956: The U.S. Supreme Court strikes down laws calling for racial segregation on public city and state buses.
1982: The Vietnam Veterans Memorial, designed by Maya Lin, is dedicated on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
1985: Some 23,000 residents of Armero, Colombia, die when a volcanic mudslide buries the city.
1987: LTV Steel Corp. announces that it will sell its Warren Works steel plant or seek a partner for a joint operation, but will keep its Warren Coke Plant.
Employees at Commercial Shearing Inc. approve a five-year contract, ending a six-week strike.
1972: U.S. Rep. Frank T. Bow of Canton, R-16th, who was slated to become ambassador to Panama, dies in Bethesda Naval Hospital, where he was admitted for rest and a medical examination. He was 71.
The Richmond Times Dispatch reports that Sen. Harry F. Byrd Jr. of Virginia, an independent, and Sen. James Eastland and Sen. John Stennis, both Mississippi Democrats, will switch to the Republican Party in the new Congress.
1962: The Mahoning County welfare department tells 8,000 clients they will receive food vouchers but no cash until the end of the year because of a fund shortage. Federal Aid to Dependent Children payments will continue.
Austintown Township will receive $26,500 from the federal accelerated public works program to cover half the cost of building a new water line along Ohltown Road.
Mahoning County commissioners will advertise for bids and begin construction as soon as possible on Boardman’s $1.9 million sewage treatment plant.
Mrs. Clyde Greenfield of 309 Emma St., a Niles grandmother, has given 50 pints of blood to the Red Cross over a period of 17 years, but has been told by her doctor that she has to stop. She began donating during World War II, when she had two nephews in the service.
1937: Youngstown City Engineer A.E. Haenny proposes that the Youngstown Municipal Railway Corp. replace the city’s three remaining street car lines with gasoline buses or trackless trolleys.
Inauguration of a uniform one-hour parking law throughout downtown Youngstown is proposed by an Ann Arbor, Mich., engineer as a step in solving the city’s traffic problem.