Today is Friday, Dec. 28, the 363rd day of 2012. There are three days remaining in the year.
On this date in:
1832: John C. Calhoun steps down because of differences with President Andrew Jackson, the first U.S. vice president to resign.
1912: San Francisco’s Municipal Railway begins operations with Mayor James Rolph Jr. at the controls of Streetcar No. 1 as 50,000 spectators looked on.
1945: Congress officially recognizes the Pledge of Allegiance.
1972: Kim Il Sung, the premier of North Korea, is named the country’s president under a new constitution.
1982: Nevell Johnson Jr., a black man, is mortally wounded by a police officer in a Miami video arcade, setting off three days of race-related disturbances that left another man dead.
1987: A mass killing comes to light as the bodies of 14 relatives of Ronald Gene Simmons are found at his home near Dover, Ark., after Simmons shot and killed two other people in Russellville. (Simmons was executed in 1990.)
1987: Sandra J. Roscoe will be sworn in Jan. 10 as mayor of Cortland, becoming Trumbull County’s first woman mayor. She says some department heads have grown comfortable during the 10 years that William J. Roush has been mayor and she intends to be a more aggressive manager.
Quarterback Bernie Kosar throws for 221 yards to lead the Cleveland Browns to a 19-13 win over the Pittsburgh Steelers at Three Rivers stadium, clinching the Browns third straight AFC Central championship and assuring them of at least one home game in the playoffs.
New development in Boardman Township hits a record high of $26.5 million in 1987, with 730 permits for new construction or renovations issued.
1972: Mahoning County commissioners pass a $7.2 million record appropriations for the general fund in 1973.
FBI crime statistics for the first nine months of 1972 show Youngstown reported a 14 percent drop, which comes on top of a 13 percent drop in crime for 1971.
1962: Sheriff Ray T. Davis orders the arrest of a 35-year-old sanitation worker who is a friend of escaped convict Melvin Leroy Johnson and orders deputies to pick up several other people who may have aided and abetted Johnson after his escape.
In one of the largest settlements in Mahoning County court history, 7-year-old Janice Hernan is awarded $120,900 by the insurance company of Fithian construction, for the little girl’s loss of a leg after she fell into a pipeline ditch on Ohio Avenue on Youngstown’s North Side.
At least 30 people are injured when a Chicago-bound Erie-Lackawanna passenger train derails in the Kent yards. About 12 passengers boarded the train in Youngstown.
1937: After conducting a private hearing, Trumbull County Coroner J. C. Henshaw clears Louise Campbell, 28-year-old granddaughter of the late James A. Campbell, former head of Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co., in the shooting death of her mother, Mrs. Cordelia Campbell, at the family estate on Logan Road. Louise is released from Trumbull County Jail, where she had been held for 79 hours, in time to attend her mother’s funeral.
Postal receipts for the Christmas season were up 15 percent in Youngstown for 1937 over a year earlier, $47,386 compared to $41,280.