Today is Tuesday, Dec. 18, the 353rd day of 2012. There are 13 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1787: New Jersey becomes the third state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1865: The 13th Amendment to the Constitution, abolishing slavery, is declared in effect by Secretary of State William H. Seward.
1892: Tchaikovsky’s ballet “The Nutcracker” publicly premieres in St. Petersburg, Russia.
1912: The Piltdown Man makes its public debut as fossil collector Charles Dawson reports to the Geological Society of London his discovery of supposedly fragmented early human remains at a gravel pit in Piltdown. (More than four decades later, the Piltdown Man was exposed as a hoax.)
1915: President Woodrow Wilson, widowed the year before, marries Edith Bolling Galt at her Washington home.
1940: Adolf Hitler orders secret preparations for Nazi Germany to invade the Soviet Union. (Operation Barbarossa is launched in June 1941.)
1944: In a pair of rulings, the U.S. Supreme Court upholds the wartime relocation of Japanese-Americans, but also says undeniably loyal Americans of Japanese ancestry cannot continue to be detained.
1987: Trailways Inc. is leaving its Youngstown agency headquarters at Federal Station at the end of the year because of a loss of business following the merger of Greyhound and Trailways.
About 70 protesters brave the cold to march around downtown Youngstown to protest Israeli actions against Palestinians in the Israeli-occupied Gaza Strip and West Bank.
The congregation of Holy Rosary Chapel in Vienna, which has about 200 members, is continuing to look for a successor to the late Rev. John F. Roach who will say the Tridentine Mass recited in Latin.
Bank One, Youngstown, names David S. Houck, president of McDonald Steel Corp., and Ray Travaglini, chairman of Sanray Corp., to its board of directors.
1972: The first editions of The Vindicator to be printed at the new multimillion dollar plant between Front and Boardman streets roll off the presses.
John Simmons, 22, of W. Marion Avenue, dies in South Side Hospital of gunshot wounds he received during a quarrel over $2 in a dice game in a house at 408 W. Marion Ave.
The Pittsburgh Steelers win their first National Football League division title in 40 years with a 24-2 victory over the San Diego Chargers.
1962: Walter H. Paulo is reappointed fund chairman for Mahoning Chapter of the American Red Cross by Dr. Sidney M. Berkowitz, chapter chairman.
In his book, “Merchants of Menace — the Mafia,” former Youngstown Police Chief Edward Allen writes that Elliot Ness, the racket-busting inspiration for the TV show “The Untouchables” visited eight bookie joints in Youngstown in 1940.
Richard J. Barrett, 60, clerk of Youngstown Municipal Court, announces his candidacy for the Democratic nomination for mayor.
1937: Carbon monoxide fumes from a coal furnace seeping into the walls and corridors of McDonald Elementary School in Wellsville overcomes 80 of the 900 students and five teachers.
T. Lamar Jackson is re-elected president of the Youngstown Chamber of Commerce.
The state liquor board promises to return 49 permits that were suspended or revoked in the Youngstown area but warns that any future violations of state liquor regulations would result in permanent license revocation.