Today is Thursday, Dec. 13, the 348th day of 2012. There are 18 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1769: Dartmouth College in New Hampshire receives its charter.
1862: Union forces led by Maj. Gen. Ambrose Burnside launch futile attacks against entrenched Confederate soldiers during the Civil War Battle of Fredericksburg; the soundly defeated Northern troops withdraw two days later.
1918: President Woodrow Wilson arrives in France, becoming the first chief executive to visit Europe while in office.
1928: George Gershwin’s “An American in Paris” has its premiere at Carnegie Hall in New York.
1937: The Chinese city of Nanjing falls to Japanese forces; what follows is a massacre of war prisoners, soldiers and citizens.
1944: During World War II, the U.S. cruiser Nashville is badly damaged in a Japanese kamikaze attack that claims more than 130 lives.
1962: The United States launches Relay 1, a communications satellite which retransmits television, telephone and digital signals.
1981: Authorities in Poland impose martial law in a crackdown on the Solidarity labor movement.
1994: An American Eagle commuter plane crashes short of Raleigh-Durham International Airport in North Carolina, killing 15 of the 20 people on board.
2000: Democratic presidential candidate Al Gore concedes to Republican George W. Bush, a day after the U.S. Supreme Court shuts down further recounts in Florida.
2003: Saddam Hussein is captured by U.S. forces while hiding in a hole under a farmhouse in Adwar, Iraq.
1987: Youngstown Mayor Patrick Ungaro will go to Columbus to lobby for the city’s selection as the site of a new state prison and to ask the Department of Insurance why Youngstowners pay high auto insurance rates.
General stores were once a fixture in almost every rural township, but few survive. Among them are two in Trumbull County, End of the Commons General Store in Mesopotamia and Wilson’s General Store in Orangeville.
Laurie Gomez of Boardman High finishes 20th in a field of 32 girls in the Kinney National High School Cross Country Championships in San Diego, Calif.
The Belles & Beaus English Bell Ringers of Canfield present music in the traditional ringing style of England at St. Patrick Church on Oak Hill.
1972: The body of Dwight “Dike” Beede, retired Youngstown State University football coach, is recovered from the Middle Fork of Beaver Creek near his Elkton Home. Dr. William A Kolozsi rules the death a drowning.
The Ohio Nurses Association signs a two- year contract with the Youngstown Hospital Association providing an increase of 20 cents per hour in wages and better fringe benefits.
James M. Dawson, vice president and economist of the National City Bank of Cleveland, tells the annual Early Bird Breakfast of the Youngstown Chamber of Commerce that, “If there was ever a year to be an economic forecaster, 1973 it is, for we can look forward to a banner year in the nation, and also in Northeastern Ohio.”
1962: Service club members in the Youngstown area are signing petitions expressing their concern over crime developments in Youngstown.
Renzy Graham, 56, is killed when a pit caves in during construction at Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co.’s Campbell Works.
More than 250 vehicles, most of them trucks, are stuck in a massive, frozen jam along six miles of Interstate 90 near Painesville as Northeastern Ohio remains gripped in a cold wave.
1937: Nicholas Labriola, 9, of 365 Cohasset Drive, is killed when his sled runs into the front of a car near his home.
Stanislaus D’Antonio, 7, dies in St. Elizabeth Hospital as a result of a dog bite two weeks earlier, despite having been given rabies inoculations.
After trying unsuccessfully to stop an alleged drunken driver, Youngstown Traffic Officer Merwin takes the action of last resort, he drives his cruiser into the fleeing car.
Youngstown Mayor Lionel Evans is pouring over 24 names certified by the civil service commission with an eye toward hiring 16 new police officers.