Until last weekend, Europe seemed headed for a quiet Christmas and New Year’s. Then Italy’s Prime Minister Mario Monti unexpectedly announced he was going to resign, pulling the plug on a government that had boosted confidence in the country’s ability to manage its debts.
The prospect of a return to a shaky government and finances suddenly has put new strains on the leaders of the 17-strong group of European Union countries that use the euro and their efforts to bottle up the region’s debt and economic crisis.
Analysts warn that after several months of calm, the eurozone now could be in for a rougher ride as 2013 begins.
The concern is that, although the European debt crisis is not as bad as it was last summer, Italy’s problems will spread and further unsettle other parts of the eurozone. Greece faces skepticism that it can keep paying its debts despite 240 billion euros in bailouts, and Spain still is weighing whether to ask for a rescue from the eurozone’s bailout fund.
Since it took office in November 2011 — after markets lost confidence in Premier Silvio Berlusconi’s half-hearted attempts at reform — Monti’s 13-month-old government has managed to lower Italy’s borrowing costs in the bond markets — albeit with help from the European Central Bank and its offer to buy short-term debt. Monti resigned earlier than expected after Berlusconi’s party withdrew support for his government Thursday.