Today is Friday, Dec. 7, the 342nd day of 2012. There are 24 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1787: Delaware becomes the first state to ratify the U.S. Constitution.
1911: China abolishes the requirement that men wear their hair in a queue, or ponytail.
1941: Japan launches a surprise attack on the U.S. Navy base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii; the raid, which claims some 2,400 American lives, prompts the United States to declare war against Japan the next day.
1946: Fire breaks out at the Winecoff Hotel in Atlanta; the blaze kills 119 people, including hotel founder W. Frank Winecoff.
1972: America’s last moon mission to date is launched as Apollo 17 blasts off from Cape Canaveral.
1982: Convicted murderer Charlie Brooks Jr. becomes the first U.S. prisoner to be executed by injection, at a prison in Huntsville, Texas.
1987: Warren John F. Kennedy edges Austintown Fitch by two points to finish first in the 29th annual T. Craig Bond Memorial Speech Tournament at Niles McKinley High.
Youngstown area food banks say that if the federal government cuts commodity distributions, there will be less food for the needy and higher grocery prices.
1972: Mayor Jack C. Hunter submits a $14.9 million budget to city council that contains an $849,000 deficit.
A mother and daughter are killed in one accident and a young woman dies in a separate accident in Trumbull County. Dead are Ethel Swick, 48, and Tina, 12, of Farmdale, and Debra Rittenhouse, 20, of Vienna.
Youngstown City Council authorizes advertising for bids on an $8.4 million improvement plan at the Youngstown Municipal Airport.
1962: The first heavy snow of the season, measuring more than 9 inches, cripples transportation, causes scores of fender-benders and closes many area schools.
Assistant County Prosecutor Loren E. VanBrocklin is named acting prosecutor by five Mahoning County common pleas judges following the resignation of ailing Prosecutor Thomas A. Beil.
1937: A three-story brick hospital operated by Dr. B.G. McCurley in Cortland, Trumbull County, is destroyed by a mid-day fire. The only patient, Carrie Thompson, 92, is carried to safety.
A jury of eight men and four women in Lisbon found Johannes Borgwardt guilty of second degree murder in the shotgun killing of Mrs. Ruth Cranston, his former wife’s mother.
Youngstown Traffic Commissioner Clarence Coppersmith bans left turns in Central Square and assigns two patrolmen to police the new rule.