Today is Monday, Dec. 3, the 338th day of 2012. There are 28 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1833: Oberlin College in Ohio — the first truly coeducational school of higher learning in the United States — begins holding classes.
1947: Tennessee Williams’ “A Streetcar Named Desire” opens on Broadway.
1967: Surgeons in Cape Town, South Africa, led by Dr. Christiaan Barnard, perform the first human heart transplant on Louis Washkansky, who lived 18 days with the new heart.
1979: Eleven people are killed in a crush of fans at Cincinnati’s Riverfront Coliseum, where the British rock group The Who was performing.
1984: Thousands of people die after a cloud of methyl isocyanate gas escapes from a pesticide plant operated by a Union Carbide subsidiary in Bhopal, India.
1992: The first telephone text message is sent by British engineer Neil Papworth, who transmits the greeting “Merry Christmas” from his computer in Newbury, Berkshire, to Vodafone executive Richard Jarvis’ mobile phone.
The Greek tanker Aegean Sea spills more than 21 million gallons of crude oil when it runs aground off northwestern Spain.
1987: Ohio Gov. Richard F. Celeste urges Ohio’s congressional delegation to bring to Ohio the proposed $4 billion to $ 6 billion atom smasher.
Wayne Hanshaw, convicted in the July 12, 1979, shooting death of Karen Barnes, 16, of Howland, hangs himself in Allen County Jail.
Carlisle Retailers Inc., an Ashtabula-based department store chain which has a store in Niles, will open a 35,000-square-foot store in the Greater Boardman Plaza Shopping Center.
1972: Nearly 400 people attend the lighting of the downtown Christmas Tree and the “keep Christ in Christmas” program on Central Square.
Mayor Jack C. Hunter asks the four members of the Western Reserve Transit Authority Board who are employees of the city to resign so that he can appoint a board that has broader representation. Funeral Director L.E. Black was not asked to resign.
Sarah Churchill, actress, artist and daughter of Sir Winston Churchill, will be at Charles Carolyne Jewelers, 16 S. Phelps St., to sign her ”Churchillian Heritage” sterling silver plates.
1962: An Indian Summer day brings temperatures as high as 62 degrees, encouraging Youngstown area golfers to return to the links for a day and homeowners to get in some last-minute lawn work.
In a coordinated effort, Youngstown area Protestant ministers use the “Cadillac Charlie” Cavallaro bombing as a theme for their Sunday sermons. “Who is more guilty, the man who takes a dollar bet or the man who takes a life as a result of many dollar bets?” asks the Rev. Larry Clayton, pastor of Youngstown Baptist Church.
Three girls capture top spots in the annual Mahoning County Prince of Peach oratorical contests: Kerry Sue Blunt of Canfield, Nancy Holmgren, 15, of Youngstown and Marilyn McCracken, 16, of Beloit.
1937: Alexander Ritchie, land steward for the 1,000-acre farm of King George VI at Windsor, England, is in Youngstown for a few days as the guest of his brother, James Ritchie, a steelworker who lives at 737 E. Avondale Ave.
Nine-month-old Margaret Gower is burned to death in her Himrod Avenue home after a celluloid rattle in her hand ignited from the nearby stove. He mother suffered burns of the hands and arms trying to smother the flames.