Today is Sunday, Dec. 2, the 337th day of 2012. There are 29 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1812: The Electoral College chooses President James Madison to serve a second term of office.
1859: Militant abolitionist John Brown is hanged for his raid on Harpers Ferry the previous October.
1927: Ford Motor Co. unveils its Model A automobile that replaces its Model T.
1939: New York Municipal Airport-LaGuardia Field (later LaGuardia Airport) goes into operation as an airliner from Chicago lands at one minute past midnight.
1942: An artificially created, self-sustaining nuclear chain reaction is demonstrated for the first time at the University of Chicago.
1954: The Senate votes to condemn Sen. Joseph R. McCarthy, R-Wis., for conduct that “tends to bring the Senate into disrepute.”
1970: The newly created Environmental Protection Agency opens its doors. (Its first director is William D. Ruckelshaus.)
2001: In one of the largest corporate bankruptcies in U.S. history, Enron files for Chapter 11 protection.
1987: Gasoline prices in the Youngstown district have been dropping, but at 85.9 cents a gallon they are still higher than the 76.9 price at Christmas 1986.
Two sites in Trumbull County are among nine in northeast Ohio being considered by the Ohio Department of Rehabilitation and Correction for a $39 million state prison.
A sculpture honoring Gina Tenney, a YSU sophomore murdered in December 1985, is unveiled at YSU’s Bliss Hall Gallery.
1972: General Fireproofing Co. will suspend manufacturing operations at its multimillion-dollar plant in Georgetown, Canada. The announcement comes two hours after company officials were denied a bid to change the company’s state of incorporation from Ohio to Delaware.
The Western Reserve Transit Authority announces free bus rides to and from the downtown shopping district on Sundays during the Christmas shopping season.
Damage is estimated at $100,000 to the Grecian Health Spa at 3105 E. State St. in Hermitage.
1962: In a fantastic response to the needs of the Youngstown district’s less fortunate, Esther Hamilton’s 32nd annual Alias Santa Claus Club show at Stambaugh Auditorium raises a record $55,339.
In the wake of the Cavallaro bombing, Youngstown numbers racketeers reportedly reach an agreement to hold a three-week Christmas moratorium on “bug” playing.
More Youngstown area industrial firms are said to be exploring a shift to profit-sharing plans, tying their employees’ compensation to shares of the company earnings rather than automatic pay increases.
1937: Mr. and Mrs. Edward McGarry of Youngstown are on their way to Toledo to bring home their son, Eddie, 11, who got locked into a freight car at the Lowellville station and spent three days inside without food before he was found in the Toledo railroad yard.
Judge Fred H. Wolf rules that Youngstown police and firemen cannot recover pay reductions made by the city during 1933 and 1934, but are entitled to losses in 1932 because of city ordinances in effect at the time.
Youngstown Mayor Lionel Evans says he will make several appointments to vacancies from the 76 men taking civil service tests for the police department and 98 for the fire department.