There’s little clarity for fixing Social Security

“We have not had the courage to stand up and look Americans in the face,” Texas Gov. Rick Perry said when he was asked about Social Security at the Republican presidential candidates’ debate. “It has been called a Ponzi scheme by many people long before me. But no one’s had the courage to stand up and say, ‘Here is how we’re going to reform it.”’

Including, it turns out, Rick Perry. In all the sound and fury over Social Security over the last few weeks, the Texas governor has never actually spelled out how he would fix the program. Nor have most of the other candidates who trumpet their purported courage in saying that Social Security is in trouble.

That’s what’s been wrong with the noisy GOP “debate” on our national pension plan. It’s been all chest-thumping and Ponzi-scheming — lots of attitude but little substance. It’s provided little clarity for voters who want to know what these potential presidents would do if elected.

Not that President Obama has done much better; he’s tiptoed around endorsing specific proposals too.

Fiscal squeeze

It doesn’t take much courage to tell voters that Social Security faces a fiscal squeeze. Poll after poll shows most voters have absorbed the message that the program is “heading for a crisis” unless changes are made. More than 80 percent agreed with that description in a survey this year.

The reason is well known too: Social Security uses taxes paid by current workers to pay retirees, and after millions of baby boomers retire, there will be fewer workers paying in for every retiree who’s taking out.

Does that make Social Security a Ponzi scheme? Not really. Unlike a Ponzi scheme, Social Security is open about how it works: Anyone who’s paying attention knows it’s a pay-as-you-go system. And unlike a Ponzi scheme, Social Security should be pretty easy to fix.

At some point — currently estimated at 25 years from now, in 2036 — Social Security will be able to pay only 77 percent of the benefits it has promised. It won’t be flat broke, but it will be like a bankrupt company, able to keep operating but unable to pay all of its bills.

It’s not hard to figure out how to fix that. You can raise taxes, or reduce future benefits, or do some of each. Democrats tend to lean toward tax increases, and Republicans tend to lean toward benefit trims — when they’re willing to admit that they have any thoughts on the issue, that is.

That’s where courage comes in. The hard part, for politicians, is telling voters what painful steps they back, which means spelling out who would pay what share of the cost.

Perry’s backtrack

Perry hasn’t done that. Instead, the Texas governor started out with a position that was radical but clear: He said it was a mistake to enact Social Security and Medicare in the first place and implied that both should be dismantled.

“Why is the federal government even in the pension program or the healthcare delivery program?” he asked in a television interview last year. “Let the states do it.”

After his position drew fire in the last few weeks from candidate Mitt Romney, Perry backtracked. “America’s goal must be to fix Social Security by making it more financially sound,” he wrote in an op-ed for USA Today. How? He didn’t say.

What about Obama?

In his 2008 campaign, the president offered a traditional Democratic solution to the problem: raise payroll taxes on upper-income workers. “I believe that cutting benefits is not the right answer, and that raising the retirement age is not the best option,” he said then. And that’s about as specific as he’s been.

Most Americans already agree that Social Security needs to be fixed. The courage will come in showing them how.

McManus is a columnist for The Los Angeles Times. Distributed by MCT.

Copyright 2011 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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