Today is Thursday, March 24, the 83rd day of 2011. There are 282 days left in the year.
On this date in:
1765: Britain enacts the Quartering Act, requiring American colonists to provide temporary housing to British soldiers.
1882: German scientist Robert Koch announces he has discovered the bacillus responsible for tuberculosis.
1934: President Franklin D. Roosevelt signs a bill granting future independence to the Philippines.
1944: In occupied Rome, the Nazis execute more than 300 civilians in reprisal for an attack by Italian partisans the day before that had killed 32 German soldiers.
1955: Tennessee Williams’ play “Cat on a Hot Tin Roof” opens on Broadway.
1958: Rock-and-roll singer Elvis Presley is inducted into the Army in Memphis, Tenn.
1986: Cleveland Browns quarterback Bernie Kosar returns to Cleveland from Miami to begin participating in the Browns optional off-season weight and conditioning program.
An examination of Internal Revenue Service documents shows that Youngstown’s hospitals, the Western Reserve Care System, St. Elizabeth Hospital Medical Center and Youngstown Osteopathic Hospital have weathered recent changes in national health policy and have emerged stronger than before.
1971: Dr. Lamont C. Cole, professor of ecology at Cornell University, tells Youngstown State University’s winter commencement the “world is a mess” and “yours is the last generation that may have a fighting chance to save the day.”
Dr. John J. McDonough, surgeon and gynecologist, is awarded the Eagle Aerie 213’s humanitarian plaque for 1970 for his contributions and service on behalf of the hospital ship S.S. Hope.
The Atomic Energy commission has authorized construction of the controversial Davis-Besse nuclear power plant on Lake Erie near Port Clinton.
1961: Richard Stanley, 37-year-old Warren patrolman, is critically wounded by a gunman when he answered the door of his apartment, 10 days before he was scheduled to testify for the state against Ronald Carabbia of Struthers and Joseph J. “Fats” Aiello of Youngstown.
Richard B. Wilson, 72, a practicing attorney since 1915 and a prominent member of the Elks Lodge, dies in North Side Hospital.
1936: The body of an unidentified man is pulled from the flood-swollen Mahoning River near Bridge Street by firemen using grappling hooks.
Mahoning County nets $1,430 in fines and court costs stemming from Sheriff Ralph Elser’s November raid of the “Big House” numbers operation in Youngstown.