Today is Friday, March 12, the 71st day of 2010. There are 294 days left in the year.


On this date in:

1864: Ulysses S. Grant is promoted to general-in-chief of the Union armies in the Civil War by President Lincoln.

1912: Juliette Gordon Low of Savannah, Ga., founds the Girl Guides, which later becomes the Girl Scouts of America.

1930: Indian political and spiritual leader Mohandas K. Gandhi begins a 200-mile march to protest a British tax on salt.

1933: President Franklin D. Roosevelt delivers the first of his 30 radio “fireside chats,” telling Americans what is being done to deal with the nation’s economic crisis.

1938: The Anschluss merging Austria with Nazi Germany takes place as German forces cross the border between the two countries.

1947: President Harry S. Truman establishes what becomes known as the “Truman Doctrine” to help Greece and Turkey resist Communism.

1968: President Lyndon B. Johnson wins the New Hampshire Democratic primary; Sen. Eugene McCarthy, D.-Minn, places a strong second.

1980: A Chicago jury finds John Wayne Gacy Jr. guilty of the murders of 33 men and boys. (Sentenced to death, he is executed in May 1994.)

1985: Conductor Eugene Ormandy, director of the Philadelphia Orchestra for more than four decades, dies at age 85.


1985: The Youngstown area’s bid to convince General Motors to build its new Saturn plant in the Mahoning Valley is featured on NBC-TV’s “Today” show.

More than 40 Austintown residents appear at a meeting of the township trustees to speak against building a six-unit apartment for independent housing of the mentally retarded on S. Raccoon Road.

1970: Mahoning County commissioners are doubtful about getting local financing of about $50,000 to develop a county airport in the southern part of the county.

President Richard Nixon visits the Bethesda Naval Medical Center to cheer up four ailing congressmen, including Democrat Michael J. Kirwan of Youngstown.

1960: The Rev. Richard Madden, superior of St. Theresa Monastery, will speak at the Catholic War Veterans Communion Breakfast in St. Stanislaus Church.

Youngstown rackets kingpin S. Joseph “Sandy” Naples, 52, of 605 Carlotta Drive, and his 28-year-old girlfriend, Mary Ann Vrancich, are gunned down on the porch of her home at 623 Caledonia Street.

1935: “Youngstown College will grow and in due time take its place among the most worthwhile educational institutions in the country, for there is a real need for a college in Youngstown,” President Howard W. Jones writes in Watsit, the new Youngstown College magazine.

A plain-clothes patrolman is suspended by Youngstown Police Capt. Dominic Thompson after the patrolman was involved in a drunken driving crash in which he and four other people were injured.

The will of former Supreme Court Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes bequeaths $283,000 in specific requests and leaves the remainder of $250,000 to the United States of America.

Strouss-Hirshberg Co. observes its platinum jubilee with a dinner at the YMCA for 900 employees to mark 60 years in business in downtown Youngstown.

Copyright 2010 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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