Today is Sunday, Jan. 28, the 28th day of 2007. There are 337 days left in the year. On this date in 1986, the space shuttle Challenger explodes 73 seconds after liftoff from Cape Canaveral, killing all seven of its crew members: flight commander Francis R. "Dick" Scobee; pilot Michael J. Smith; Ronald E. McNair; Ellison S. Onizuka; Judith A. Resnik; Gregory B. Jarvis; and schoolteacher Christa McAuliffe.
In 1547, England's King Henry VIII dies; he is succeeded by his 9-year-old son, Edward VI. In 1853, Cuban revolutionary Jose Marti is born in Havana. In 1878, the first daily college newspaper, Yale News (now Yale Daily News), begins publication in New Haven, Conn. In 1909, the United States ends direct control over Cuba. In 1915, the U.S. Coast Guard is created as President Wilson signs into law a bill merging the Life-Saving Service and Revenue Cutter Service. In 1916, Louis D. Brandeis is nominated by President Wilson to the Supreme Court; Brandeis becomes its first Jewish member. In 1945, during World War II, Allied supplies begins reaching China over the newly reopened Burma Road. In 1973, a cease-fire officially goes into effect in the Vietnam War. In 1980, six U.S. diplomats who had avoided being taken hostage at their embassy in Tehran flies out of Iran with the help of Canadian diplomats. In 1982, Italian anti-terrorism forces rescue U.S. Brigadier General James L. Dozier, 42 days after he had been kidnapped by the Red Brigades.
January 28, 1982: Representatives of Ohio's big-city school districts are joining in an effort to delay cutbacks in state financing for schools and are mounting a campaign to get the General Assembly to increase taxes for education.
Mahoning County Commissioner Thomas J. Barrett is honored at his last commissioners meeting before his retirement from 43 years in public service.
January 28, 1967: U.S. Rep. Fred Schwengel, of the 1st District of Iowa, tells the McKinley Club dinner at the McKinley Memorial in Niles that the Republican Party has done more to preserve the union and establish basic freedoms than any political party in history.
Campbell Mayor Rocco F. Mico says 42 of 43 safety and sewage employees in the city who called off sick will be fired. Mico was responding to the second sick-out by city employees since the first of the year.
Capt. Phillip Rossman, 30, a Rayen school graduate and Army doctor at Presidio, is killed in a car-train crash in San Francisco.
January 28, 1957: An explosion in an electric melting furnace at the Mallory-Sharon Titanium Corp. in Niles smashes about 100 panes of glass in the building and tears out a section of the roof, but no workers are injured.
The Ohio Edison Co. awards a general contract to the Foundation Co. of New York to build a new 680,000 kilowatt electric power generating plant between East Liverpool and Steubenville that will cost an estimated 100 million.
Dr. Attilio Rosapepe, former Italian consular agent in Youngstown, dies in St. Elizabeth Hospital of a heart ailment. He had been a practicing physician in Youngstown for 40 years and was active in many Italian groups.
January 28, 1932: Two Youngstown men are being held in the Allegheny County jail in Pittsburgh, accused of being the bandits who held up the Allegheny Valley Trust Co. in Verona, killing a bank teller in December 1930.
Italian Premier Benito Mussolini says his nation's physicians are responsible for fighting against birth control, discouraging women from "excessive thinness" and encouraging better mental and physical health. Italy had 56,000 fewer births in 1930 than the year before.
Youngstown representatives are joining a conference in Columbus to ask Gov. George White to call a special session of the state Legislature to provide relief for Ohio cities.
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