State of emergency extended; president sees end to violence
British soldiers would be able to leave by the end of 2007, the president said.
BAGHDAD, Iraq (AP) -- Iraq's parliament reopened Tuesday after a summer recess and voted to extend a state of emergency for a month because of unrelenting sectarian violence, while the president predicted bloodshed will be quelled by the end of next year.
The U.S. military announced the deaths of three more American servicemen, bringing to 10 the number of coalition soldiers killed the previous two days -- eight Americans and two Britons.
Iraq's state of emergency, which has been in place for almost two years, covers every area except the autonomous Kurdish region in the north. It grants security forces the power to impose curfews and make arrests without warrants.
It has been renewed every month since first being authorized in November 2004, hours before U.S. and Iraqi troops launched a big offensive to drive insurgents out of Fallujah, one of the main cities in the restive Anbar region west of Baghdad.
Two U.S. Marines and one sailor were killed in Anbar "due to enemy action" Monday, the U.S. military command reported. Five other Americans had previously been reported killed Sunday and Monday, and two British soldiers died from a roadside bombing in the south Monday.
Police said 15 Iraqis died in violence across the country Tuesday. In Saweria, a town about 30 miles south of Baghdad, the bodies of five other people were found dumped, all blindfolded, shot and tortured -- signs of sectarian reprisal killings that have surged this year.
Hundreds of Iraqis have been killed by suicide bombings, shootings and mortar and rocket attacks over the past two weeks. But President Jalal Talabani expressed optimism fighting would stop before 2007 ends, and he said Iraqi forces will be able to handle any remaining violence.
"I don't think fighting will continue until then if the steps of national reconciliation go according to plan," he said after talking with visiting British Foreign Secretary Margaret Beckett. "If some groups are still fighting, our forces will be able to take care of it."
Prime Minister Nouri al-Maliki's reconciliation plan seeks to bridge religious, ethnic and political divisions that have been tearing at Iraq with daily violence.
The plan includes an offer of amnesty to members of the Sunni Arab-led insurgency not involved in terrorist activities, calls for disarming primarily Shiite sectarian militias and promises compensation for families of Iraqis killed by U.S. and government forces.
Asked by reporters when Britain's 7,000 soldiers might be able to leave Iraq, Talabani said "by the end of 2007."
"We've achieved good success in building our forces and equipping them with the necessary arms," he said, adding that "once violence declines, we will not need the presence of multinational forces in Iraq."
But Beckett cautioned that Talabani was "not setting a deadline" for troop withdrawal.
"That's the president's personal opinion," she said, adding that "the circumstances will be the judge of everything."
Earlier, Beckett met with Deputy Prime Minister Barham Saleh and stressed the importance of transferring security from the U.S.-led coalition to Iraqi forces. The hand over is a key part of any eventual drawdown of international troops in the country.
"There has been responsibility that has been transferred already, and we hope and believe that that is a process that will continue," Beckett said, adding it was "absolutely key that we see that responsibility being able to be exercised by the representatives of the elected government of Iraq."
British troops handed over control of southern Muthanna province in July, and another southern province, Dhi Qar, is to follow this month.
But a disagreement emerged over the hand over of Iraq's armed forces command when a ceremony marking the transfer was called off at the last minute Saturday.
Although neither side would elaborate on the exact reason, the Defense Ministry said it was necessary "to complete some legal and protocol procedures that will lead to a complete understanding between the Iraqi government and the multinational troops."
Ali al-Dabbagh, spokesman for the prime minister, told the British Broadcasting Corp. the ceremony would be held Thursday.
A dispute over Iraq's flag also showed no sign of abating.
Massoud Barzani, president of the Kurdish region, angered many in Baghdad with his decision Friday to replace the Iraqi national flag with the Kurdish banner. The Kurdish region has been gaining more autonomy since the 2003 U.S.-led invasion, a worrying development to many Iraqi leaders, especially Sunni Arabs.
Iraq's first interim Governing Council after the fall of Saddam Hussein decided to change the country's flag, but no official version has been adopted.
Talabani, a Kurd himself, said the media had blown the issue out of proportion. He said the current Iraqi flag "is the flag of [Saddam's] Baath Party" and that Kurds have always worked toward national unity.
"The Kurds are not part of the problem, they are part of the solution," he said.
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