Today is Tuesday, Oct. 24, the 297th day of 2006. There are 68 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, the United Nations officially comes into existence as its charter takes effect.
In 1537, Jane Seymour, the third wife of England's King Henry VIII, dies 12 days after giving birth to Prince Edward, later King Edward VI. In 1648, the Peace of Westphalia ends the Thirty Years War and effectively destroys the Holy Roman Empire. In 1861, the first transcontinental telegraph message is sent as Justice Stephen J. Field of California transmits a telegram to President Lincoln. In 1901, widow Anna Edson Taylor becomes the first person to survive going over Niagara Falls in a barrel. In 1931, the George Washington Bridge, connecting New York and New Jersey, opens to traffic. In 1939, nylon stockings are sold publicly for the first time, in Wilmington, Del. In 1940, the 40-hour work week goes into effect under the Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938. In 1952, Republican presidential candidate Dwight D. Eisenhower declares, "I shall go to Korea" as he promises to end the conflict. (He makes the visit over a month later.) In 1962, the U.S. blockade of Cuba during the missile crisis officially begins under a proclamation signed by President Kennedy. In 1991, "Star Trek" creator Gene Roddenberry dies in Santa Monica, Calif., at age 70.
October 24, 1981: The state office of the Fraternal Order of Police calls for an attorney general's investigation into Sheriff James A. Traficant Jr.'s operation of his department after a reserve deputy is killed during a prisoner's escape.
A Niles man charged with wounding Trumbull County sheriff's deputy Daniel D'Annunzio, who was investigating a weapons theft, is sentenced to four-to-15 years in prison.
Dr. Earland I. Carlson resigns as the 10th president of Westminster College in New Wilmington, Pa.
October 24, 1966: Burglars carry off furs valued at more than $18,000 from the Garrick Women's Apparel Store at 50 S. State St., Sharon.
The Youngstown Area Chamber of Commerce notifies the Mahoning County commissioners that it is not supporting renewal of the .5-mill Mahoning Tuberculosis Sanatorium levy on the November ballot. The chamber suggests that the levy be reduced to a more realistic level.
Austintown's Fitch High School and Frank Ohl Middle School are closed after the break of a 24-inch water main leaves the schools without water.
October 24, 1956: Municipal Judge Frank R. Franko accuses Mahoning County Prosecutor William A. Ambrose of & quot;protecting & quot; racketeer Sandy Naples and challenges Ambrose to padlock Sandy's East Side joint.
Youngstown's 38th annual Community Chest drive exceeds its goal of $1 million by $353.
Communist warplanes join tanks and machine gunners in a fierce battle to crush an anti-Soviet rebellion gripping the Hungarian capital, Budapest.
October 24, 1931: An intense check of registration lists in 25 precincts of Youngstown will be made by the police department after three members of the Board of Elections receive a report that 57 of 118 registered voters in one precinct could not be traced.
Thousands of people jam downtown sidewalks and stores on the first of two & quot;Youngstown Days & quot; shopping promotions.
James A Farrell, president of the U.S. Steel Corp., speaking before the 40th annual conference of the Iron and Steel Institute, says America's business climate is looking brighter.