Some workplaces are trying to accommodate their single employees.
If Barbara Rose could, she would love to have three to six months off from her full-time job as a critical-care nurse in San Diego to finish her doctoral dissertation. But since she never had children, and never intends to, she knows she won't get the same sort of leave many of her new-mom co-workers have received.
Her boss did, however, offer her every other Friday off in January, which she took. It was a nice help, she said, but it's not the same leave or benefits available to parents.
She celebrates births and adoptions. She appreciates that her co-workers are producing the next generation of nurses. She knows they need that leave and is glad they have it. But, she asked, "must I have to give birth just to have my time be viewed as of equal value as the time my colleagues spend on their families?"
Since corporations started paying attention to "family-friendly" benefits in the late 1980s, child-free and single workers have wondered where their benefits were. They have expressed dismay that they felt they were asked to work more when employees with families needed time away from work. Others thought they were given the more difficult jobs with less financial reward because those with children were considered to have greater financial needs.
The proportion of single-person households increased to 26.4 percent in 2003 from 17.1 percent in 1970, according to 2003 census figures. Add to that the number of married couples without children, and that's about 55 percent of U.S. households.
Unmarried America, formerly the American Association for Single People, says about 40 percent of the work force is made up of unmarried people, many of whom don't need leave to take care of children or a sick spouse. So many of them wonder: What about me?
The Family and Medical Leave Act allows anyone who is working for an organization of 50 or more employees to take time off for a serious health condition.
It also allows employees to take time off to care for a sick "immediate" family member, defined as spouse, child or parent. But some workers might define an immediate family differently.
Childless workers thought they worked more than people who were married with kids and that they had to work holidays more often and did not have access to as many benefits, according to "Beyond Family-Friendly: Singles-Friendly Work Cultures and Employee Attachment." The lead author of the study is Wendy Casper, an assistant professor of management at the University of Texas at Arlington.
Casper began to study the impact of family-friendly workplaces after she was traveling as a consultant and realized the other consultants who traveled were all single with no children -- as she was, and is.
"It started occurring to me: What about those people who can't use these benefits? How do they feel about it?" she said. "People do have different needs." And it's a business imperative to try to make things as equal as possible. "If you have a good work force that people are happy to be in and their needs are being recognized, they are willing to do things that aren't part of their job just to help the company."
Some companies are working to accommodate singles.
For instance, Dickstein Shapiro LLP does not limit an alternative-schedule policy to people who want it for child-rearing reasons, said Michael Nannes, managing partner. "We can't discriminate based on lifestyle."