Today is Wednesday, Aug. 30, the 242nd day of 2006. There are 123 days left in the year. On this date in 1862, Union forces are defeated by the Confederates at the Second Battle of Bull Run in

Today is Wednesday, Aug. 30, the 242nd day of 2006. There are 123 days left in the year. On this date in 1862, Union forces are defeated by the Confederates at the Second Battle of Bull Run in Manassas, Va.
In 1797, the creator of "Frankenstein," Mary Wollstonecraft Shelley, is born in London. In 1861, Union Gen. John C. Fremont institutes martial law in Missouri and declares slaves there to be free. (However, Fremont's order is countermanded days later by President Lincoln). In 1905, Ty Cobb makes his major-league debut as a player for the Detroit Tigers, hitting a double in his first at-bat in a game against the New York Highlanders. (The Tigers win 5-3.) In 1945, Gen. Douglas MacArthur arrives in Japan to set up Allied occupation headquarters. In 1963, the "Hot Line" communications link between Washington and Moscow goes into operation. In 1983, Guion S. Bluford Jr. becomes the first black American astronaut to travel in space, blasting off aboard the Challenger. In 1986, Soviet authorities arrest Nicholas Daniloff, the Moscow correspondent for U.S. News and World Report, and accuse him of espionage. (He is later released.) In 1991, Azerbaijan declares its independence, joining the stampede of republics seeking to secede from the Soviet Union. In 1996, President Clinton and Vice President Gore, fresh from their renominations at the just-concluded Democratic national convention in Chicago, set out with their wives on a bus caravan through America's heartland; a commercial expedition to raise part of the sunken British luxury liner Titanic ends in failure as nylon lines being used to lift a 21-ton section of the hull snap, sending the section back to the bottom of the North Atlantic. In 1997, Americans learn of the car crash in Paris that claims the lives of Princess Diana, Dodi Fayed and their driver, Henri Paul. (Because of the time difference, it is Aug. 31 when the crash actually occurs.)
August 30, 1981: The Youngstown State University Board of Trustees approves a budget of $45.3 million for fiscal year 1981-82, an overall increase of 7 percent.
WFMJ-TV begins using its new 110-kilowatt transmitter, giving the Youngstown station a strong signal from Pittsburgh to Cleveland to Massillon.
Skyship 500, built by Airship Industries Ltd. in Cardington, England, is a month from its maiden voyage. The ship is similar to ones the British company has proposed building in a plant at Lansdowne Airport.
August 30, 1966: Mahoning County, which is paying $33 per day for hospitalization of welfare patients in Youngstown hospitals agrees "in principle" to increase its payments, but the amount of the increase must be negotiated.
In order to meet Ohio's higher induction calls, Mahoning County draft boards will begin calling up married childless men.
Four hundred workers report at General Motors Corp.'s Chevrolet-Fisher Body assembly plant at Lordstown as the company begins production of its 1967 model cars.
August 30, 1956: Mahoning County's 110th annual Canfield Fair opens on Youth Day with the greatest assemblage of exhibits and concessions it has ever had.
Avery C. Adams, member of a prominent Youngstown family, is named president of Jones & amp; Laughlin Steel Corp., the nation's 4th largest steel producer. He is the son of A.E. Adams, the late president of the old First National Bank and Dollar Savings & amp; Trust Co.
The state highway patrols of Ohio and Pennsylvania prepare for a maximum effort to keep traffic deaths down in the Youngstown area during the Labor Day weekend.
August 30, 1931: Responding to the plaintive pleas of children who were cheated out of the last Kiddies Day of the season at Idora Park by rain, park manager Eddie Gilronan announces that the park will be open Saturday, Sept. 6, for a back-to-school kiddies day. All rides will be just three cents.
Gene Brandon, who became popular in radio circles as an announcer for WKBN in Youngstown is back in the city for a few days before leaving for Washington, D.C., where he will become station director of WJSV, which has a 10,000 watt transmitter.
U.S. Labor Department statistics indicate the unemployment problem is growing more acute, with an estimate that 5.1 million people unemployed in August.
Copyright 2006 Associated Press. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed.

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