Saturday, March 19, 2005
Today is Saturday, March 19, the 78th day of 2005. There are 287 days left in the year. This is the date the swallows traditionally return to the San Juan Capistrano Mission in California. On this date in 1945, during World War II, 724 people are killed when a Japanese dive bomber attacks the U.S. carrier "Franklin" off Japan; the ship, however, is saved.
In 1859, the opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris. In 1917, the Supreme Court upholds the eight-hour work day for railroads. In 1918, Congress approves Daylight-Saving Time. In 1931, Nevada legalizes gambling. In 1945, Adolf Hitler issues his so-called "Nero Decree," ordering the destruction of German facilities that could fall into Allied hands. In 1951, Herman Wouk's World War II novel "The Caine Mutiny" is first published. In 1976, Buckingham Palace announces the separation of Princess Margaret and her husband, the Earl of Snowdon, after 16 years of marriage. In 1979, the U.S. House of Representatives begins televising its day-to-day business. In 1985, in a legislative victory for President Reagan, the Senate votes, 55-45, to authorize production of the M-X missile. In 1999, Palestinian gunmen open fire on a bus carrying Jewish settlers, killing two people; after a 21-month hiatus, Michael Jordan returns to professional basketball with his former team, the Chicago Bulls. In 2003, President Bush orders the start of war against Iraq. (Because of the time difference, it is early March 20 in Iraq.)
March 19, 1980: Security is tightened at the U.S. District Court in Youngstown after death threats against U.S. Steel's top corporate officials are received. During the second day of testimony, William Kirwan, general superintendent of the Youngstown Works, testifies that the Youngstown operations could have been made profitable with the expenditure of as little as $5 million.
Officials of the United Autoworkers Local 1112 call for strike authorization against General Motors after six union committeemen are suspended in a disagreement between labor and management at the Lordstown car assembly plant.
Socrates Kolitsos is appointed business and industry chairman of the 1980 American Cancer Crusade by Mahoning Chapter President Dr. Anthony E. Billett.
March 19, 1965: Morris Simon, president of Simco Enterprises, tells police that he and four other men in the company's Trumbull Road office were roughed up during an altercation with a carpenter's union agent.
The Rev. George Winca, pastor of Sts. Cyril and Methodius Church, is appointed to succeed the late Msgr. John G. Hamrack as pastor of St. Matthias Church.
Contributions to the 1965 Heart Fund Campaign have reached $73,624, William G. Lyden, general campaign chairman, announces.
March 19, 1955: Mayor Frank X. Kryzan makes a personal tour of W. Federal Street between South Avenue and Chestnut Street and sees that traffic is moving smoothly, except in two cases where there was double parking. Kryzan admonished the drivers and told them to move along.
Vienna's Flyers trim their Trumbull County rival, Liberty, 71-53, in the regional semifinals at Central State University. Vienna, which had a 29-game winning streak a year earlier, has reached 28 straight games this season.
Edward Allen, Ohio's chief liquor enforcement officer, vows to put Norman Khoury of Cleveland out of business, saying Khoury has consistently violated the rules at every liquor spot he has operated for years.
March 19, 1930: Cleveland Industrialist Cyrus Eaton predicts a great future for Youngstown and believes it will best be reached with the city as headquarters of two friendly competitors, Republic Steel and Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. Eaton opposes a merger of Sheet & amp; Tube and Bethlehem Steel.
Testifying in his own defense, Irene Shrader re-enacts how she came to shoot state policeman Brady Paul, who stopped her and an accomplice after they robbed a store in Butler. Her testimony brought out many damaging admissions, with little objection voiced by the defense.
The Youngstown Steel Car Co. property in Niles is purchased by David J. and William Wilkoff for $250,000. The company had been operating on the property since 1927 on a lease signed by William Wilkoff.
The federal radio commission grants WKBN, the Youngstown station, a hearing on its application to increase its output from 500 watts to 1,000 watts.
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