Today is Saturday, March 12, the 71st day of 2005. There are 294 days left in the year. On this date
Today is Saturday, March 12, the 71st day of 2005. There are 294 days left in the year. On this date in 1933, President Franklin Roosevelt delivers the first of his radio "fireside chats," telling Americans what was being done to deal with the nation's economic crisis.
In 1664, New Jersey becomes a British colony as King Charles II grants land in the New World to his brother James, the Duke of York. In 1912, Juliette Gordon Low founds the Girl Guides, which later becomes the Girl Scouts of America. In 1925, Chinese revolutionary leader Sun Yat-sen dies. In 1930, Indian political and spiritual leader Mohandas K. Gandhi begins a 200-mile march to protest a British tax on salt. In 1938, the Anschluss takes place as German troops enter Austria. In 1939, Pope Pius XII is formally crowned in ceremonies at the Vatican. In 1947, President Truman establishes what becomes known as the "Truman Doctrine" to help Greece and Turkey resist Communism. In 1951, "Dennis the Menace," created by cartoonist Hank Ketcham, makes its syndicated debut in 16 newspapers. In 1980, a Chicago jury finds John Wayne Gacy Jr. guilty of the murders of 33 men and boys. (The next day, Gacy is sentenced to death; after years on death row, he is finally executed in May 1994.) In 1985, conductor Eugene Ormandy, director of the Philadelphia Philharmonic for more than four decades, dies at age 85.
March 12, 1980: "Marijuana, cocaine, PCP, speed and heroin, we have them all here," East Palestine Police Chief Wallace Dilworth tells the Captain Taggart PTA organization.
The first major style change in Boy Scouts uniforms in 58 years is made. Designer Oscar de la Renta added more pockets, a baseball-style cap and olive green pants with a tan shirt.
The Howland School District will close the Bolindale and Morgandale elementary schools under a school consolidation plan adopted unanimously by the board.
March 12, 1965: At least 19 ministers and priests from the Youngstown district go to Washington to press for voting rights for Negroes. Meanwhile, three Youngstown priests, the Rev. Donald Bank, the Rev. Ralph Friedrich and the Rev. Thomas E. McCarthy, go to Selma, Ala., scene of recent marches for civil rights.
Kenneth M. Lloyd of Youngstown, a leader in the drive to build the Ohio River-to-Lake Erie canal, tells a Columbus audience that the project is a must if the Upper Ohio Valley is to remain the nation's steel and iron-making center.
March 12, 1955: The Mahoning County prosecutor's office rules that Clarence McMullen can legally keep his powers of administration over the Mahoning County Home, but McMullen reportedly has agreed unofficially to relinquish them to the County Welfare Department.
There were 408 cases of measles reported in Youngstown in February, the highest for the month since 1938, Health Commissioner D. Roy Mellon announces.
Iron Age predicts that the United Steel Workers of America will get an 8-10 cent hourly wage increase in coming negotiations with the steel industry.
March 12, 1930: The Supreme Court of the United States affirms the legality of Ohio law that allowed creation of the Mahoning Valley Sanitary District, ending a long battle by opponents of the Meander Reservoir project that will provide water for Youngstown and Niles.
A split board of directors of the Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. will meet in Youngstown to consider a proposed merger with Bethlehem Steel Corp.
A jury of 10 men and 2 women is seated in New Castle in the trial of Irene Shrader, who is charged with the death of Pennsylvania State Patrol Cpl. Brady Paul.