Today is Monday, June 27, the 178th day of 2005. There are 187 days left in the year. On this date in 1950, President Truman orders the Air Force and Navy into the Korean conflict following a call from the U.N. Security Council for member nations to help South Korea repel an invasion from the North.
In 1844, Mormon leader Joseph Smith and his brother, Hyrum, are killed by a mob in Carthage, Ill. In 1880, author-lecturer Helen Keller, who lived most of her life without sight or hearing, is born in Tuscumbia, Ala. In 1893, the New York stock market crashes. In 1944, during World War II, American forces complete their capture of the French port of Cherbourg from the Germans. In 1957, more than 500 people are killed when Hurricane "Audrey" slams through coastal Louisiana and Texas. In 1969, patrons at the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in New York's Greenwich Village, clash with police in an incident considered the birth of the gay rights movement. In 1973, former White House counsel John W. Dean tells the Senate Watergate Committee about an "enemies list" kept by the Nixon White House. In 1980, President Carter signs legislation reviving draft registration. In 1985, the legendary Route 66, which originally stretched from Chicago to Santa Monica, Calif., passes into history as officials decertify the road.
June 27, 1980: Warren receives a contract from the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers allowing the city to withdraw an additional five million gallons of water per day from the Mosquito Reservoir.
Construction work is slated to begin in mid-July on the $23 million K mart Corp. distribution center in Bazetta Township.
Dr. Eric R. Birdsall, associate director for academic affairs at the Penn State Shenango Valley Campus, is named acting director of the campus, succeeding Dr. Harold R. Sargent, who is retiring.
June 27, 1965: The 30th annual Midyear Art Show opens at the Butler Institute of American Art with 300 oils and watercolors by contemporary artists from throughout the nation. Among the entries is "A Plenum of Birds" by Howard Mandel of New York City, which is being purchased for the institute's permanent collection.
Youngstown district fabricating, machine shops and various plants that traditionally shut down for a week or two in the summer for vacation are opting to staying open because of the deluge of business. Industrial firms that owe their employees between one and five weeks or vacation are juggling schedules and looking for temporary employees to meet business demands.
Some 135 independent dump truck drivers, members of the newly formed Penn-Ohio Dump Truck Association, go on strike, affecting deliveries to construction projects throughout the area. The drivers, who own their own trucks, are seeking contract recognition from 13 material carriers in the area that hire them.
June 27, 1955: Architect Morris W. Scheibel testifies that the only way he could build a new county jail and three-story office building without exceeding the $900,000 bond available for construction is if the foundation walls of the present jail building were used.
Daniel A. Heindel Jr., Youngstown auto dealer and civic worker, is named co-chairman of the 1955 Community Chest campaign.
More than 400 representatives of downtown Youngstown businesses are expected to attend a meeting at the Hotel Pick-Ohio to launch "Operation Downtown," the largest project ever planned to stimulate the business district.
June 27, 1930: Leroy A. Manchester, counsel for Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co., kills himself with a revolver in his Stambaugh Building office shortly before he was to appear in court on a hearing challenging the merger of Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. and Bethlehem Steel Corp. J.C. Argetsinger, associate counsel for Sheet & amp; Tube, heard the shot and rushed to Manchester's office. He described the suicide as "a case of nervous breakdown, due to overwork."
Capt. Alton N. Parker, former Youngstown aviator who accompanied Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd on his South Pole Expedition, arrives at the Pennsylvania Station and is accorded a reception such as is given only to returning war heroes.
In the past year, Youngstown had the highest death rate resulting from automobile accidents within the city of any city in the country with 80 deaths. At 46.1 deaths per 100,000 population, Youngstown was second to Camden, N.J., which had 61.5 per 100,000.