Today is Thursday, June 23, the 174th day of 2005. There are 191 days left in the year. On this date in 1969, Warren E. Burger is sworn in as chief U.S. justice by the man he is succeeding, Earl Warren.
In 1868, Christopher Latham Sholes receives a patent for his "Type-Writer." In 1888, abolitionist Frederick Douglass receives one vote from the Kentucky delegation at the Republican convention in Chicago, effectively making him the first black candidate nominated for U.S. president. (The nomination goes to Benjamin Harrison.) In 1892, the Democratic national convention in Chicago nominates former President Cleveland on the first ballot. In 1931, aviators Wiley Post and Harold Gatty take off from New York on the first round-the-world flight in a single-engine plane. In 1938, the Civil Aeronautics Authority is established. In 1947, the Senate joins the House in overriding President Truman's veto of the Taft-Hartley Act. In 1967, President Johnson and Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin hold the first of two meetings in Glassboro, N.J.
June 23, 1980: The city of Akron will celebrate July 4 with the opening of a $7.5 million hotel, the Quaker Square Hilton, which was built from grain storage silos at the old Quaker Oats Co.
Sanjay Gandhi, heir apparent to an Indian political dynasty ruled by his mother, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi, is killed along with his flying instructor when their light stunt plane stalls during a series of acrobatic loops and plummets to the ground near New Delhi.
Mizell Stewart Sr., retired Youngstown police sergeant who has been active in the Buckeye Elks in Youngstown, is elected president of the 30,000-member Ohio unit of the Benevolent Protection Order of the Elks of the World.
June 23, 1965: Final action is expected in the General Assembly to erase Ohio's antiquated and unenforced law against the sale of birth-control devices in the state.
A gift of $500,000 from Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. is announced by A.S. Glossbrenner, president of the company, in the Greater Hospitals Campaign of Youngstown to raise $4 million.
Secretary of State Dean Rusk warns Red China and North Vietnam that the United States is "not divided in her determination nor weak in her will" to defend South Vietnam.
June 23, 1955: Production resumes at General Fireproofing Co. amid growing indications that intra-union rivalry was partly responsible for a strike that closed the plant for 48 hours.
Morris Ungar, 74, founder of the old Ungar Bros. Wholesale meat packing firm and a director of the former City Trust & amp; Savings Bank, dies in North Side Hospital at the age of 74.
The Ohio Senate approves another phase of the Republican-controlled legislature's program for improving treatment for the mentally ill in the state, passing a bill that allocates $10 million for training new psychiatric experts at centers in Cleveland, Columbus and Cincinnati.
June 23, 1930: Between 200 and 250 men will be given employment four days a week by the city under a plan put into effect on the order of Youngstown Mayor Joseph L. Heffernan in an attempt to reduce unemployment. The mayor, just returned from Europe, says unemployment is an international problem that will require the best minds in the U.S. and Europe to solve.
The birth of a son is announced by Mr. and Mrs. Charles Lindbergh at the New Jersey home of Ambassador and Mrs. Dwight Morrow, parents of Mrs. Lindbergh. The nation had been anxiously awaiting the announcement and radio stations interrupted their broadcasts to spread the news.
The depression in the steel business has caused a temporary delay in plans for construction of a $10 million continuous mill at the Brier Hill Works of the Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. Company officials refuse comment on their plans, but it is understood that if the merger of Sheet & amp; Tube and Bethlehem Steel Corp. is finalized, work would begin immediately on the new mill.