Today is Friday, June 17, the 168th day of 2005. There are 197 days left in the year. On this date in 1775, the Revolutionary War Battle of Bunker Hill takes place near Boston. The battle, which actually occurs on Breed's Hill, is a costly victory for the British, who suffer heavy losses while dislodging the rebels.
In 1856, in Philadelphia, the Republican Party opens its first convention. In 1885, the Statue of Liberty arrives in New York City aboard the French ship Isere. In 1928, Amelia Earhart embarks on a trans-Atlantic flight from Newfoundland to Wales -- the first by a woman. In 1940, France asks Germany for terms of surrender in World War II. In 1948, a United Air Lines DC-6 crashes near Mount Carmel, Pa., killing all 43 people on board. In 1963, the Supreme Court strikes down rules requiring the recitation of the Lord's Prayer or reading of Biblical verses in public schools. In 1972, President Nixon's eventual downfall begins with the arrest of five burglars inside Democratic national headquarters in Washington, D.C.'s Watergate complex. In 1992, President Bush and Russian President Boris Yeltsin sign a breakthrough arms-reduction agreement.
June 17, 1980: Lawyers for the Youngstown branch of the NAACP ask the U.S. District Court in Cleveland to cite the Youngstown Board of Education with contempt of court for failing to realign its staff to achieve racial balance, as required by a 1978 court order.
Dr. William Binning, chairman of the political science department at Youngstown State University, is elected chairman of the Mahoning County Republican Central Committee, succeeding Ross Conn.
June 17, 1965: Forty-one workers for 17 adoption agencies throughout Northeastern Ohio meet in Berndt's Restaurant in Youngstown to discuss strategies to find homes for hard-to-place children -- children who are older, of mixed racial background or who have physical or personality handicaps.
Youngstown rackets figure Joseph J. "Fats" Aiello, 52, and Joseph White, 43, are convicted of two counts of providing or aiding in an abortion in Cuyahoga County. Each is sentenced to two to 14 years in the Ohio Penitentiary.
Auxiliary Bishop James W. Malone of the Youngstown Diocese discusses the Vatican Council at a rare interdenominational program at Bethel Lutheran Church. The Rev. Charles Lundquist, host pastor, notes that is uncommon for a Lutheran church to invite a Roman Catholic clergyman to address its congregation.
June 17, 1955: The Ohio House and Senate override Gov. Frank Lausche's veto of a bill increasing the daytime speed limit for cars on the state's highways to 60 mph. The limit for cars driving at night and for trucks and school buses at any time of day will remain 50 mph.
J. Cameron Argetsinger of Redonda Road, former Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. executive and widely known civic leader, dies of a heart ailment in North Side Hospital. He was 71.
June 17, 1930: Another milestone in the fight for the opening of the Mahoning River to Ohio River for transportation purposes is approved as the Senate appropriates $25,000 for a survey of the Mahoning, Shenango and Beaver rivers. The bill had already passed the House.
Three men are dead and a fourth near death in Ravenna after shooting erupts at the Roxy Club as the result of a bootleg feud. Police say John Dinato shot the other three men then turned the gun on himself rather than be captured.
Youngstown is second among Ohio cities in percentage of population gain between 1920 and 1930 with a 28.4 percent gain. It was outranked only by Dayton, which had an increase of 31.5 percent during the decade.