Today is Thursday, June 16, the 167th day of 2005. There are 198 days left in the year. On this date in 1858, in a speech in Springfield, Ill., Senate candidate Abraham Lincoln says the slavery issue has to be resolved, declaring, "A house divided against itself cannot stand."
In 1897, the government signs a treaty of annexation with Hawaii. In 1903, Ford Motor Co. is incorporated. In 1932, President Hoover and Vice President Charles Curtis are renominated at the Republican national convention in Chicago. In 1933, the National Industrial Recovery Act becomes law. (It is later struck down by the Supreme Court.) In 1943, comedian Charles Chaplin marries his fourth wife, 18-year-old Oona O'Neill, daughter of playwright Eugene O'Neill, in Carpenteria, Calif. In 1955, Pope Pius XII excommunicates Argentine President Juan Domingo Peron -- a ban that is lifted eight years later. In 1961, Soviet ballet dancer Rudolf Nureyev defects to the West while his troupe is in Paris. In 1963, the world's first female space traveler, Valentina Tereshkova, is launched into orbit by the Soviet Union aboard Vostok 6. In 1977, Soviet Communist Party General Secretary Leonid Brezhnev is named president, becoming the first person to hold both posts simultaneously. In 1978, President Carter and Panamanian leader Omar Torrijos exchange the instruments of ratification for the Panama Canal treaties.
June 16, 1980: Whether women can fight side-by-side with men in combat is still an unanswered question in the mind of Lt. Andrea Lee Hollen, the first woman to graduate from the U.S. Military Academy at West Point. The Altoona, Pa., native is the great-granddaughter of a Youngstown mill puddler, James Elliot, and attended an Elliot family reunion in Canfield.
Kathleen Vernon, a 24-year-old Boardman resident, wins the Miss Ohio Scholarship Pageant at Mansfield. She will represent the state in the Miss America pageant in Atlantic City in September.
Jack Nicklaus wins his fourth U.S. Open with a record 272, eight under par, at Springfield, N.J.
June 16, 1965: Five Meadville teen-agers, including a brother and sister, are killed when their car crashes head-on into a tractor-trailer in Route 62 one mile east of Sandy Lake. Dead are Robert Watkins, 17, the driver, Ann Feleppa, 16, and John Feleppa, 15; Raymond Weir, 19, and Guy Porfilio, 15.
An 11-year-old Beloit boy, Fred Jones, is fatally shot by a neighborhood chum playing with his father's rifle.
The "inexorable" progression of government's role in medical care is described by a Canadian physician at the Mural Building to members of the Mahoning County Medical Society. Dr. Irwin W. Bean says the Canadian system is subsidized by a 6 percent surcharge on income taxes and an increase in the sales tax.
June 16, 1955: A contract to build a huge new downtown parking garage is awarded by the L.A. Beeghly Foundation to the Joseph Bucheit & amp; Sons Co. The garage will be on a site bounded by W. Boardman, Hazel, Front and Phelps streets, occupying all the space except that taken by the Hotel Pick-Ohio and WFMJ.
The Waylite Corp. of Chicago will build a slag processing plant costing $500,000 on a 21/2-acre site in Division Street owned by U.S. Steel Corp., Paul M. Woodworth of Chicago, Waylite president, announces.
Niles City Council says that directors of the Mahoning Valley Sanitary District should be residents of Niles and Youngstown and the MVSD Court of Jurisdiction will be asked to consider the issue.
June 16, 1930: Five gold star mothers and a war widow from Niles returned home more reconciled to their long sorrow after visiting the graves of their sons and husband in Belleau Wood and Aisne Marne in France. They were among a group of 105 women who were provided trips to the overseas cemeteries by the government.
Youngstowners will be given an opportunity to purchase about 2,000 parcels of property at a fraction of their value when the properties are sold at sheriff's sales within the next few months to satisfy judgments for unpaid taxes.
Replacement of the 100 candlepower lights in Wick and Belmont avenues with 1,000 candlepower white way lights is provided in a resolution presented by Councilman William Lamb.