Today is Wednesday, June 15, the 166th day of 2005. There are 199 days left in the year. On this date in 1215, England's King John puts his seal to Magna Carta (the Great Charter) at Runnymede.
In 1520, Pope Leo X threatens to excommunicate Martin Luther if he does not recant his religious beliefs. In 1775, the Second Continental Congress votes unanimously to appoint George Washington head of the Continental Army. In 1836, Arkansas becomes the 25th state. In 1844, Charles Goodyear receives a patent for his process to strengthen rubber. In 1849, James Polk, the 11th president of the United States, dies in Nashville, Tenn. In 1864, Secretary of War Edwin M. Stanton signs an order establishing a military burial ground, which becomes Arlington National Cemetery. In 1904, more than a thousand people die when fire erupts aboard the steamboat General Slocum in New York's East River. In 1944, American forces begin their successful invasion of Saipan during World War II. Meanwhile, B-29 Superfortresses make their first raids on Japan.
June 15, 1980: The skyline of the Youngstown district, once the nation's second-largest steel center, will be changed as U.S. Steel Corp.'s sprawling Ohio Works, its satellite, the McDonald Mills, and Jones & amp; Laughlin Steel's Brier Hill Works are to be converted into giant industrial parks.
Youngstown takes a major step in digging itself out of a persistent garbage pile as 12 crews composed of 22 sanitation workers and 14 Street Department employees work a special Saturday shift, collecting about 200 tons of garbage.
The Mahoning Valley is becoming a fight promoter's haven with the return to the ring of Earnie Shavers, Raymond "Boom Boom" Mancini's entering the nation's leading ranks and the emergence of Jeff Lampkin and Harry Arroyo.
June 15, 1965: Dr. Donald T. Renwand, an assistant superintendent of Niles schools for a year, is named superintendent, succeeding Dr. J. Roger Howe, who accepted a professorship at the University of Arkansas. He will receive a salary of $14,500.
Dr. George M. Wilcox, 75, of 643 Bryson St., distinguished member of Youngstown University's education faculty for 31 years and formerly head of the Education Department, dies in North Side Hospital after an illness of eight months.
The Mahoning Valley Rose Society show opens in the McKelvey Hall of Music with 341 entries of specimen roses and 38 rose arrangements. There is a tie for the sweepstakes award between Mr. and Mrs. Fred Felger of Columbiana and Mrs. Ralph Barron.
June 15, 1955: Eleven downtown buildings are emptied except for skeleton crews shortly after noon as office workers join in evacuation tests in connection with Youngstown's participation in "Operation Alert," the federal Civil Defense exercise.
Herman C. Ritter of Parkway Towers, Youngstown, widely known Jewish leader and former operator of Ritter & amp; Meyer Clothing downtown, dies in Northside Hospital at the age of 88.
A request for zone changes and a street vacation in the Uptown district is filed for a new multimillion-dollar Sears, Roebuck store.
June 15, 1930: No action is taken by stockholders of the Central Savings & amp; Loan Co. at a meeting on the sale of the Central Tower and the company's assets, although two proposals were considered.
The most successful picnic ever staged by the Amalgamated Association of Iron, Steel and Tin Workers in history draws a crowd of 40,000 attracted by the picnic and radio stars Gene and Glenn at Idora Park.
Swooping down in an unexpected cleanup drive, 22 federal agents close a number of Masury places and arrest 17 men on charges of violating the national prohibition law.