Today is Monday, June 13, the 164th day of 2005. There are 201 days left in the year. On this date in 1966, the Supreme Court issues its landmark Miranda decision, ruling that criminal suspects have to be informed of their constitutional rights prior to questioning by police.
In 1888, Congress creates the Department of Labor. In 1900, China's Boxer Rebellion targeting foreigners, as well as Chinese Christians, erupts into full-scale violence. In 1927, aviation hero Charles Lindbergh is honored with a ticker-tape parade in New York City. In 1935, James Braddock claims the title of world heavyweight boxing champion from Max Baer in a 15-round fight in Long Island City, N.Y. In 1942, President Roosevelt creates the Office of War Information, and appoints radio news commentator Elmer Davis to be its head. In 1944, Germany begins launching flying-bomb attacks against Britain during World War II. In 1967, President Johnson nominates Solicitor-General Thurgood Marshall to become the first black justice on the U.S. Supreme Court.
June 13, 1980: Ohio Gov. James A. Rhodes and legislative leaders have put together an austerity package that calls for a 3 percent across-the-board spending cut and which they say can keep state services and jobs intact unless the recession worsens.
Kathleen Vernon, 24, of Boardman wins the talent competition at the Miss Ohio Pageant in Mansfield singing "And This Is My Beloved" from "Kismet."
Parts of "All the Marbles," a Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer motion picture, will be filmed in Youngstown and Akron in coming months, says the Ohio Film Bureau.
U.S. Sen. John Glenn tells Mahoning County Engineer Michael Fitas that he will help the county as it tries to shake loose $8 million in discretionary federal funding for the new Market Street Bridge.
June 13, 1965: Lt. Robert Shumaker of New Wilmington, Pa., is one of two American fliers captured during missions over North Vietnam who is interviewed by a London trade unionist, as reported in the Sunday Times of London.
L.A. Beeghly, Youngstown industrialist and philanthropist, is identified as the anonymous benefactor who contributed $1 million in October 1963 to build a new library at Ohio Wesleyan University at Delaware, Ohio.
The Ohio Department of Highway Safety conducts a review of all rural highway accidents in 1964 and reports that drinking was a factor in nearly one in five of the crashes.
June 13, 1955: The United Auto Workers and General Motors reach an agreement on a three-year contract that will give the company's 375,000 employees increases of six to eight cents per hour in each of the three years. The employees are paid between $2.10 and $2.50 cents an hour under the previous contract. The agreement also gives the UAW a full union shop for the first time and includes a guaranteed wage plan for laid-off workers.
Westminster Presbyterian Church members vote to move to Boardman after 62 years downtown at the corner of Market and Front streets. The actual move could take up to five years.
John Roebuck Jr. of Youngstown files an application with the State Public Utilities Commission to provide bus service between Youngstown and Austintown under the name of Austintown Coach Line, charging 25 cents for a one-way fare for adults.
June 13, 1930: Final unofficial census figures place Youngstown's population at 170,004, an increase of 28.44 percent over the 1920 census figure.
What was to have been the decisive battle for the heavyweight championship of the world ends in the fourth round when Jack Sharkey lands a foul blow against champion Max Schmeling. The New York crowd hooted loudly when the victory was given to Schmeling. Sharkey was scoring easily before committing the foul that ended the bout.
An attempt to find $30 lost in February costs Mrs. Anna Burns, a laundress in Kent, her entire life savings of $5,369 to a carnival fortune teller. The carnival left Kent for Struthers, but when Struthers police attempted to locate the fortune teller, they were told she left the carnival sometime after it entered Mahoning County.