Today is Wednesday, June 1, the 152nd day of 2005. There are 213 days left in the year. On this date in 1813, the commander of the U.S. frigate Chesapeake, Capt. James Lawrence, says, "Don't give up the ship" during a losing battle with a British frigate.
In 1792, Kentucky becomes the 15th state of the union. In 1796, Tennessee becomes the 16th state. In 1868, James Buchanan, the 15th president of the United States, dies near Lancaster, Pa. In 1926, actress Marilyn Monroe is born in Los Angeles. In 1943, a civilian flight from Lisbon to London is shot down by the Germans during World War II, killing all aboard, including actor Leslie Howard. In 1944, the British Broadcasting Corporation airs a coded message intended to warn the French resistance that the D-Day invasion is imminent. In 1958, Charles de Gaulle becomes premier of France. In 1977, the Soviet Union formally charges Jewish human rights activist Anatoly Shcharansky with treason. (Shcharansky is imprisoned, then released in 1986.) In 1980, Cable News Network makes its debut.
June 1, 1980: Mary Boyer Smith -- "Mary B" to thousands of students and her contemporaries -- is retiring as director of career services at Youngstown State University, where she worked for 41 years.
In an annual spring rite, pink and white petunias are planted in Federal Plaza by the Youngstown Men's Garden Club.
The current business slump may be paving the way for still another severe steel industry shakeout similar to that of disastrous 1977, writes Business Editor George R. Reiss.
June 1, 1965: Mahoning County recorded 72 traffic accidents over the long Memorial Day weekend, but none were fatalities. With 27 highway deaths, Ohio ranked second in the nation.
Damage is estimated at $15,000 from a fast-spreading fire at the Amvets Post 40 at 720 Hillman St.
Jimmy Clark, a Scot, wins the Indianapolis 500, the first foreign driver to win the race since Italy's Dario Resta in 1916. In Youngstown, 1.000 race fans turn out at the Warner Theater to watch a closed circuit television broadcast of the race.
"It does no good to have a tiger in your tank if you have a monkey at the wheel," says the Rev. Richard Ferrell in an unusual sermon at Woodland Park Methodist Church. Driving a car with care is a Christian duty, says the Rev. Mr. Ferrell.
June 1, 1955: Youngstown steel executives see no signs of any serious setbacks in steel operations or demand and are hiring temporary and part-time help during the summer to keep manpower up during the vacation season, writes Industrial Editor George R. Reiss.
Three members of a Pittsburgh family drown when their 14-foot rowboat capsizes in the choppy waters of Pymatuning Lake near Sharon. Dead are Lloyd Street, 56, and his son and daughter-in-law, Kenneth and Eileen Street, 20 and 21.
Lenny Theis, 11, becomes the second district golfer to register a hole-in-one at the Vienna Shortholes Course. He aced the No. 2 110-yard hole using a seven iron.
The Pittsburgh & amp; Lake Erie Railroad plans to build a big modern railroad yard between Struthers and Lowellville, replacing the five scattered yards it operates in the Youngstown area.
June 1, 1930: The Rev. F. Eppling Reinartz, former professor of Greek at Mt. Airy Seminary in Philadelphia, will succeed his father, the Rev. Dr. J.G. Reinartz, as pastor of St. John's Lutheran Church in East Liverpool.
Attorneys general of Great Lakes states opposing unlimited water diversion from Lake Michigan at Chicago will attempt to reach a compact among states fixing a specific amount that could be diverted in any way from the Great Lakes.
Dr. Max F. Meyer, head of the psychology department at the University of Missouri for 30 years, is ousted from the faculty after being charged with insubordination for characterizing a hearing before a committee of the board of trustees as a "medieval inquisition." He had been suspended earlier for permitting a sex questionnaire to be circulated.