Today is Saturday, July 30, the 211th day of 2005. There are 154 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, during World War II, the battle cruiser USS Indianapolis, which had just delivered components for the atomic bomb that would be dropped on Hiroshima, is torpedoed by a Japanese submarine; only 316 out of 1,196 men survive the sinking and shark-infested waters.
In 1729, the city of Baltimore is founded. In 1792, the French national anthem "La Marseillaise," by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle, is first sung in Paris. In 1844, the New York Yacht Club is founded. In 1864, during the Civil War, Union forces try to take Petersburg, Va., by exploding a mine under Confederate defense lines. The attack fails. In 1932, the Summer Olympic Games opens in Los Angeles. In 1942, President Roosevelt signs a bill creating a women's auxiliary agency in the Navy known as "Women Accepted for Volunteer Emergency Service" -- WAVES for short. In 1965, President Johnson signs into law the Medicare bill, which goes into effect the following year. In 1975, former Teamsters union president Jimmy Hoffa disappears in suburban Detroit. Although presumed dead, his remains have never been found.
July 30, 1980: In its worst quarter ever, Ford Motor Co. loses $468 million in the second quarter of 1980, pushing losses by the nation's four biggest automakers to $1.5 billion for the period of March through June.
MTM Industries of St. Louis purchases four vacant factory buildings in East Palestine. The buildings, formerly occupied by the L. W. Nash Co., include almost 200,000 square feet of factory space.
Youngstown State University launches a new Students Serving Students orientation program to make incoming students feel a little more welcome. Twenty-three upper classmen have received special training and are phoning and writing incoming students, then giving them a campus tour when they arrive.
July 30, 1965: The DeBartolo Corp. has added a Helio Courier aircraft to its fleet. The plane, which carries five passengers and a pilot, can take off and land on about 400 feet of runway. A landing strip has been built near DeBartolo's Market Street headquarters.
The federal Urban Renewal Administration approves a $6 million urban renewal project for Youngstown's central business district.
The Austintown Zoning Commission recommends approval of a zone change request that might bring the township a branch warehouse of one of the nation's largest paper manufacturing companies or a construction office. Ronald E. Edwards of Niles Canfield Road, asked for the rezoning of 5.2 acres on the south side of Silica Road between Canfield-Niles Road and Ohltown Road.
July 30, 1955: Three persons are killed in a three-car pileup on Route 5, a mile and a half north of Warren. Dead are Edward H. Rummes, 64 of Cortland, and Leo C. Gregory, 33, and Paul W. Harding, 17, both of Warren.
The United States is planning to send a man-made moon into the ring of space by 1958 to check conditions beyond the earth's atmosphere. President Eisenhower commits the nation's scientists to the task of devising and launching the satellite, which will be about the size of a basketball.
The Youngstown Hospital Association will extend its cancer research program, which has been under way for several months to 3,000 employees of the Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. Officials of the company have agreed to cooperate with the hospital.
July 30, 1930: Race horse fans win a skirmish in the battle with city officials when Judge Harry Hoffman dismisses charges of conducting a place where gambling is permitted against Joe Flannigan, 30. Flannigan was the first of 29 men arrested in raids on bookie joints July 19 to come to trial.
Market Street from Wayne to Delason will be reopened to traffic after repaving is completed in just 23 days, the most speedily completed improvement in Youngstown. Nearing completion is the new Holmes Street bridge and repaving of Holmes Street from Wood to Madison.
Vice President Charles Curtis will be one of the principal speakers Aug. 23 when Sharon honors its favorite son, James J. Davis, secretary of labor and the Republican nominee for U.S. senator from Pennsylvania.
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