Today is Friday, July 29, the 210th day of 2005. There are 155 days left in the year. On this date in 1958, President Eisenhower signs the National Aeronautics and Space Act, which creates NASA.
In 1588, the English soundly defeat the Spanish Armada in the Battle of Gravelines. In 1890, artist Vincent van Gogh dies of a self-inflicted gunshot wound in Auvers, France. In 1900, Italian King Humbert I is assassinated by an anarchist; he is succeeded by his son, Victor Emmanuel III. In 1914, transcontinental telephone service begins with the first phone conversation between New York and San Francisco. In 1948, Britain's King George VI opens the Olympic Games in London. In 1967, fire sweeps the USS Forrestal in the Gulf of Tonkin, killing 134 servicemen. In 1975, President Ford becomes the first U.S. president to visit the site of the Nazi concentration camp Auschwitz in Poland as he pays tribute to the victims. In 1980, a state funeral is held in Cairo, Egypt, for the deposed Shah of Iran, who had died two days earlier at age 60. In 1981, Britain's Prince Charles marries Lady Diana Spencer at St. Paul's Cathedral in London. (The couple divorces in 1996.) In 1985, the space shuttle Challenger begins an eight-day mission that got off to a shaky start -- the spacecraft achieved a safe orbit even though one of its main engines shut down prematurely after lift-off.
July 29, 1980: Msgr. Benedict C. Franzetta, vicar general of the Youngstown Diocese, is named auxiliary bishop of the diocese by Pope John Paul II. The post has been vacant since Bishop William A. Hughes was appointed bishop of the Diocese of Covington, Ky., in 1979.
The widow of a Poland man who was killed in a traffic accident in 1978 sues Volkswagen Corp. of America for $3 million charging the design and manufacturing defects in a Volkswagen Beetle contributed to the death of Rocco DeTallo in 1978.
Advertisements: Coming to Powers Auditorium in Youngstown, Paul Anka in concert for two shows; At Brothers Lounge in the Sheraton Inn-Shenango, the "King of Dance," Chubby Checker.
An eight-month-old lion cub being cared for by a New Waterford resident, bites an East Palestine child while the United Methodist Church was holding an ice cream social nearby. The boy, Gerald Wilhelm was released after treatment in Salem.
July 29, 1965: Municipal Judge John J. Leskovyansky promises a sharp crackdown against traffic offenders and begins to order violators to view gruesome traffic death pictures and orders offenders who are unable to pay fines to do jail time.
Fred H. Johnson Jr. of East Palestine, on a world tour with the Yale University Glee Club, will begin teaching in Paris, France, in the fall.
Civil lawsuits in Mahoning County are on the active trial docket within five months, according to a report by the Ohio Supreme Court. The quickest time is in the Mahoning Valley. Cases come to trial in Columbiana County within about seven months; in Trumbull and Ashtabula counties, within a year.
Anita Morrison, 16, is crowned Hubbard Homecoming Queen of 1965 at the coronation dance in the high school gym. She will reign over the four-day community homecoming celebration.
July 29, 1955: The Youngstown Players' $250,000 drive for a new community theater is well over the halfway mark, Herman J. Spoerer, co-chairman of the special gifts committee, reveals.
Walter Bender, chairman of the board of General Fireproofing Co., is presented a distinguished service award at a luncheon of about 40 industrial leaders at the Youngstown Club.
Thomas A. Caddick, 30, a Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. employee, drowns in about 18 feet of water while swimming in Pleasant Valley Lake in Vienna Township.
July 29, 1930: William D. "Safe and Sane" Smith, veteran Youngstown aviator, is killed in the first air accident in his 13 years of flying and Robert Shugart, 35, of Elm Street, a student flier, is seriously injured. Smith and Shugart were just taking off from Watson field in a Waco biplane when the plane nose-dived into the ground.
A cooling northwest wind sweeps through Youngstown, bringing at least temporary relief to the longest heat wave in the area since 1916.
Archbishop Edward A. Mooney, apostolic delegate to India, arrives in Youngstown from New York for a visit with his brother and sister. He sailed from Bombay, India, on June 1.