Today is Tuesday, July 26, the 207th day of 2005. There are 158 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, Winston Churchill resigns as Britain's prime minister after his Conservatives are soundly defeated by the Labor Party. (Clement Attlee becomes the new prime minister.)
In 1775, Benjamin Franklin becomes postmaster-general. In 1908, U.S. Attorney General Charles J. Bonaparte issues an order creating an investigative agency that is a forerunner of the FBI. In 1947, President Truman signs the National Security Act, creating the Department of Defense, the National Security Council, the Central Intelligence Agency and the Joint Chiefs of Staff. In 1952, Argentina's first lady, Eva Peron, dies in Buenos Aires at age 33. In 1952, King Farouk I of Egypt abdicates in the wake of a coup led by Gamal Abdel Nasser. In 1953, Fidel Castro begins his revolt against Fulgencio Batista with an unsuccessful attack on an army barracks in eastern Cuba. (Castro ousts Batista in 1959.) In 1971, Apollo 15 is launched from Cape Kennedy in Florida. In 1990, President Bush signs into law the Americans with Disabilities Act.
July 26, 1980: General Motors Corp., caught with an inventory of big cars at a time of rising fuel prices, has reported its first loss in a strike-free quarter since the Great Depression, a company record $412 million.
The Northern Ohio Baptist Association of the National Baptist Convention, representing 61 churches, opens its 75th annual session at New Hope Baptist Church in Youngstown.
The Three Mile Island nuclear accident could have been avoided if operators had left alone the plant's automatic systems, says a staff member of the presidential commission that investigated the incident.
July 26, 1965: The Lightning Express Co. at 1103 Grandview Ave., New Castle, is destroyed by a general alarm fire. Chief John L. Oberleitner estimates damage at $300,000 to $350,000.
National crime statistics show Youngstown registered a decrease in homicide, robbery, burglary and auto thefts in 1964. The city had six murders in 1964, a dramatic decrease from 12 in 1963.
The grand finale of a week-long Railroad Centennial Celebration in Lisbon features a two-hour Civil War battle reenactment at the Columbiana County Fairgrounds.
July 26, 1955: An architect's rendering is released of the new Sears, Roebuck & amp; Co. store that will be built at Market St. and Hylda Ave. Sears will also build a warehouse on Southern Boulevard between Brooklyn and Avondale avenues.
A short, lively campaign that will appeal to the "hearts and minds" of Youngstowners is being planned by executives and volunteer leaders of the 1956 Community Chest appeal.
Work on the first three homes in the Lincoln Knolls housing project on McCartney Road is stopped by Building Inspector Robert Findlay for several alleged violations of Youngstown's building code.
An increase in hospitalization rates ranging from 25 cents to $1.60 a month is being sought by the Associated Hospital Service Inc. of Youngstown, which represents an increase of about 18 percent, says John P. Morgan Jr., local Blue Cross director.
July 26, 1930: Atty. W. P. Barnum says he will seek a court injunction to bar Youngstown police from conducting raids at the General News Bureau, the race news service in the city.
A daring bandit, dressed as a woman in a red frock, attempts to rob J.F. Duffy and O.L. Wilfong at Market Street and Indianola Avenue during the morning rush hour. The bandit failed to get any money from the men, but escaped in Duffy's car.
The Associated Press reports that Youngstown is the hottest place in Ohio, with temperatures reaching 100 degrees shortly before noon.