Today is Saturday, July 23, the 204th day of 2005. There are 161 days left in the year. On this date in 1886, New York saloonkeeper Steve Brodie claims to have made a daredevil plunge from the Brooklyn Bridge into the East River.
In 1885, Ulysses S. Grant, the 18th president of the United States, dies in Mount McGregor, N.Y., at age 63. In 1892, Emperor Haile Selassie of Ethiopia is born. In 1904, by some accounts, the ice cream cone is invented by Charles E. Menches during the Louisiana Purchase Exposition in St. Louis. In 1914, Austria-Hungary issues an ultimatum to Serbia following the killing of Archduke Francis Ferdinand by a Serb assassin; the dispute leads to World War I. In 1945, French Marshal Henri Petain, who had headed the Vichy government during World War II, goes on trial, charged with treason. (He is condemned to death, but his sentence is commuted.) Petain dies in prison in 1951.
July 23, 1980: Employees at the Packard Electric Division of General Motors have been certified eligible to receive special federal unemployment benefits for workers whose jobs have been jeopardized by foreign competition.
Wean United Inc. books an order for $30 million to design and built an 80-inch hot strip mill for the Steel Co. of Canada for a mill that will be built across Lake Erie from Conneaut, site of the proposed U.S. Steel Corp. mill.
Pittsburgh Steelers back-up quarterback has two friends from Youngstown State University at the team camp in Latrobe. Jim Ferranti and Kevin Statzer are going through the drills for rookies, hoping to win a berth on the Steelers roster.
July 23, 1965: U.S. Attorney Nathaniel R. Jones says two Bedford teen-agers climbed a fence at the Ravenna Arsenal and tried to explode a bunker by setting off roman candles through a ventilation shaft. Had the bunker not been empty, Jones said, the boys could have sparked an explosion that would have caused widespread death and destruction. They broke into another bunker and stole two 90-millimeter artillery shells with a combined explosive power of 1,920 sticks of dynamite.
The Youngstown Transit Co. records earnings of $6,712 for May 1965, an increase of more than $3,000 over the same month a year earlier, even though ridership decreased from 341,713 to 298,543 for the month.
General Motors Corp. awards the final package of construction contracts covering a boilerhouse at its Chevrolet and Fisher Body plants being built in Lordstown to the W.B. Gibson Co. of Warren.
July 23, 1955: Scores of slumbering Youngstowners are awakened and frightened when low-flying planes from the Youngstown Air Force Base roared over the city several times, shaking houses and rattling windows. Officers at the air base refuse to discuss the incidents saying any maneuvers are covered by military security until they are complete.
David DeJane, 4, of Liberty Township dies of bulbar polio at St. Elizabeth Hospital, the second polio death in the hospital in 1955.
The feast of St. Christopher will be observed at Immaculate Heart of Mary Church with the blessing of all vehicles by Msgr. Andrew A. Prokop, pastor of the church.
July 23, 1930: Mayor Joseph Heffernan makes sensational charges of widespread bribery in Youngstown's police department, saying some officers had accepted bribes as high as $400. Heffernan says he could have made as much as $1,000 if he had chosen to allow illegal activities to take place in the city.
Two young bandits hold up the Sebring Post Office and escape in an automobile with cash and stamps valued at $5,000.