Today is Tuesday, July 19, the 200th day of 2005. There are 165 days left in the year. On this date in 1985, Christa McAuliffe of New Hampshire is chosen to be the first schoolteacher to ride aboard the space shuttle. (McAuliffe and six other crew members die when Challenger explodes shortly after lift-off the following January.)
In 1553, 15-year-old Lady Jane Grey is deposed as Queen of England after claiming the crown for nine days. King Henry VIII's daughter Mary is proclaimed Queen. In 1848, a pioneer women's rights convention convenes in Seneca Falls, N.Y. In 1870, the Franco-Prussian war begins. In 1941, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill launches his "V for Victory" campaign in Europe. In 1943, allied air forces raid Rome during World War II.
In 1969, Apollo 11 and its astronauts, Neil Armstrong, Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin and Michael Collins, go into orbit around the moon. In 1975, the Apollo and Soyuz space capsules that were linked in orbit for two days separate. In 1980, the Moscow Summer Olympics begins, minus dozens of nations that are boycotting the games because of the Soviet military intervention in Afghanistan.
July 19, 1980: Campaign expense filings show that James A. Traficant Jr., the Democratic nominee for Mahoning County sheriff, outspent his opponent, George Tablack, by nearly $9,000 to win the nomination. Traficant reported raising and spending $26,786 in the primary, against Tablack's $18,206.
Oklahoma Gov. George Nigh declares Sunday a "special day of prayer for rain in Oklahoma," which is in the grip of a 27-day dry spell.
The city of Youngstown stands a good chance of receiving the $2.5 million balance of its fifth-year Community Development Block Grant funds before the end of the month, an official of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development indicates.
July 19, 1965: Capt. Paul O. Leppo, 34, of South Fort Mitchell, Ky., a former Boardman resident, is killed in a plane crash near Hilsboro, Ohio, on his last scheduled flight as a pilot in the Ohio National Guard.
The Roberts Deliberating Club will hold registration for a new "skills bank" that the club will operate at the request of the Mayor's Human Relations Commission.
State Sen. Thomas P. Gilmartin of Youngstown calls on Gov. James A. Rhodes to urge passage of a bill extending school bus transportation to private and parochial pupils.
July 19, 1955: The U.S. stock market drops sharply in what analysts described as a mild peace scare, following encouraging reports out of Geneva, Switzerland, on the talks between the United States, Russia, France and Great Britain on German reunification.
Joe DiCarlo, one-time Youngstown rackets boss who told federal authorities in Miami that he was "broke," manages to scrape up $1,000 in seven days as payment on a fine he has owed the government for 30 years. Before paying the fine, DiCarlo had faced a possible contempt of court charge and a full-scale probe into his connections with Miami rackets figures.
A new giant arises in the entertainment world as General Tire and Rubber Co. purchases RKO Radio Pictures Inc. for $25 million.
July 19, 1930: Mayor Joseph Heffernan, plainly disturbed over the failure of police to make a single arrest of a bookmaker following his order to wipe out gambling in the city, warns Acting Police Chief Carl Olson that if he doesn't see results the vice squad and detective forces will feel the consequences.
Five firemen and a woman are injured, none seriously, in a spectacular fire that destroyed St. Lawrence Roman Catholic Church and the adjoining parish house in Hillsville, Pa. Mrs. Mary Stossel was slightly burned while shepherding to safety almost 40 children who were in the church when the fire began.
Tilby Smith, 26, is sentenced to death for plotting with his lover in the murder of his wife in Ashtabula. Smith's defense lawyers had argued unsuccessfully that he has the mental capacity of a nine-year-old boy and should face no more than a manslaughter charge.