Today is Sunday, July 17, the 198th day of 2005. There are 167 days left in the year. On this date in1955, Disneyland debuts in Anaheim, Calif.
In 1821, Spain cedes Florida to the United States. In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, Spanish troops in Santiago, Cuba, surrender to U.S. forces. In 1917, the British royal family adopts the name "Windsor." In 1935, the entertainment trade publication Variety runs its famous headline, "Sticks Nix Hick Pix" (which might be translated as, "Rural America rejects rural-themed movies"). In 1944, 322 people are killed when a pair of ammunition ships explodes in Port Chicago, Calif. In 1945, President Truman, Soviet leader Josef Stalin and British Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill begin meeting at Potsdam in the final Allied summit of World War II. In 1975, an Apollo spaceship docks with a Soyuz spacecraft in orbit in the first superpower linkup of its kind. In 1979, Nicaraguan President Anastasio Somoza resigns and flees into exile in Miami. In 1981, 114 people are killed when a pair of walkways above the lobby of the Kansas City Hyatt Regency Hotel collapses during a "tea dance." In 1996, TWA Flight 800, a Paris-bound Boeing 747, explodes and crashes off Long Island, New York, shortly after departing John F. Kennedy International Airport, killing all 230 people aboard.
July 17, 1980: Republican Presidential candidate Ronald Reagan chooses George Bush as his surprise running mate because Gerald Ford wanted too much -- a virtual co--presidential status -- key Reagan aides say. Although the former ambassador was not the Ohio delegation's top choice for a running mate for Reagan, delegates say they believe a Reagan-Bush ticket will work in Ohio and across the nation.
Joseph A. Martin is elected acting superintendent of the New Castle Area School District by a 7-2 vote of the school board. Martin, at 36, is one of the youngest educators to ever move into the highest educational job in the city.
Mahoning County commissioners authorize an agreement with a Jamestown, N.Y., corporation to issue low-interest revenue bonds for about $6.5 million for the purchase of Jones & amp; Laughlin Steel Corp.'s Youngstown and Indianapolis specialty plants.
July 17, 1965: Only 83.3 percent of the $13.6 million charged in Mahoning County's second half real estate tax collection is in hand by the payment deadline, but Treasurer Joseph P. Gorman figures that much of he missing money is in the mail, and within a few days the collection will climb to 97 percent.
Playing at the Kenley Players in Warren, Jack Jones in the swinging musical, "The Pajama Game."
Being blind doesn't stop Richard Ely, 17, of Leffingwell Road from competing in horse shows, writes Vindicator Sports Editor Lawrence M. Stolle. Ely is competing at the Youngstown Charity Horse Show in Canfield.
July 17, 1955: A Mahoning County investigator, aided by state liquor agents, closes a bookie joint on Route 224 east of Poland, arresting Jack Moore. Moore is fined $200 by Justice of the Peace Burt Rosensteel.
In a letter to friends in Youngstown, former Police Chief Edward J. Allen says he once again finds himself in the middle of a political power struggle for control of the police department. Allen says the situation in Santa Ana, Calif., is not much different than in Youngstown -- only the names have been changed.
Congressman Michael J. Kirwan is receiving press and other support for his success in striking a $6 million appropriation for channeling of the Delaware River to serve a U.S. Steel Corp. plant. The project had the backing of President Eisenhower, Pennsylvania's two U.S. senators and the Pennsylvania governor.
July 17, 1930: Eugene G. Grace, president of Bethlehem Steel Corp., continues to balk at efforts by opponents of the company's merger with Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co. to reveal the amount of salary or bonuses he receives from Bethlehem.
The dream of a Catholic high school for boys, cherished by Mahoning Valley Catholic leaders for years, is realized with the announcement that the Ursuline High School, formerly for girls, will admit both boy and girl students in the fall.
Youngstown businessmen and bankers attending a meeting called by H.W. Grant, president of the Chamber of Commerce, endorse raising two funds that would be used to bring new industry to Youngstown and the Mahoning Valley.