Today is Saturday, July 16, the 197th day of 2005. There are 168 days left in the year. On this date in 1945, the United States explodes its first experimental atomic bomb, in the desert of Alamogordo, N.M.
In 1862, David G. Farragut becomes the first rear admiral in the United States Navy. In 1918, Russia's Czar Nicholas II, his empress and their five children are executed by the Bolsheviks. In 1935, the first parking meters are installed, in Oklahoma City. In 1951, the novel "The Catcher in the Rye" by J.D. Salinger is first published. In 1969, Apollo 11 blasts off from Cape Kennedy on the first manned mission to the surface of the moon. In 1973, during the Senate Watergate hearings, former White House aide Alexander P. Butterfield publicly reveals the existence of President Nixon's secret taping system. In 1979, Saddam Hussein becomes president of Iraq. In 1980, former California Gov. Ronald Reagan wins the Republican presidential nomination at the party's convention in Detroit. In 1999, John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife, Carolyn, and her sister, Lauren Bessette, die when their single-engine plane, piloted by Kennedy, plunges into the Atlantic Ocean near Martha's Vineyard, Mass.
July 16, 1980: Gov. James A. Rhodes says that if Ronald Reagan is to win Ohio in the November election, he must visit cities such as Youngstown and Akron and tell the thousands of unemployed steelworkers and autoworkers how he will put them back to work.
The FBI recovers a sailboat that had been reported stolen from a Florida marina on a farm in Pulaski Township that is owned by Don L. Hanni Jr., Mahoning County Democratic Party chairman.
Youngstown gets its first taste of a heat wave that has dominated the Southwest since the beginning of July, with the mercury hitting 95 degrees.
July 16, 1965: The Ohio Chair Division of Corry will move into the Saramar Aluminum Co.'s former plant at 4021 Mahoning Ave.
Youngstown Mayor Anthony B. Flask and Police Chief John Terlesky are angered and puzzled that every new approach they try has failed to solve the city's most serious problem -- the dramatic increase in traffic deaths. There have already been 24 traffic deaths in the city in 1965.
About 250 Ohio State University students march on the Statehouse to protest a ruling by the board of trustees of the university barring Communists and other politically undesirable speakers from the campus.
July 16, 1955: James W. Shocknessy, chairman of the Ohio Turnpike Commission, says the entire Northern Ohio Turnpike, with all buildings completed, will be in operation as scheduled on Oct. 1. Two contractors who are behind on their deadlines are called before the commission and told to get back on track.
The Ohio Notion and Paper Co. announces an open house for customers and friends at its new and enlarged quarters at 880 E. Indianola Ave. There will be a preview showing of the company's Christmas toys for 1955.
Wally Cox, television's Mr. Peepers, is fired from his $11,000-a-week stint at the Dunes Hotel in Las Vegas after audiences sit stony-faced through three performances. Cox was to have done two shows a night for four weeks.
July 16, 1930: Charges by Cyrus S. Eaton that at the time he bought his substantial interest in Youngtown Sheet & amp; Tube Co., Bethlehem Steel Corp. officials had promised to "stay out of the Middle West," are put into the court record during a hearing in Youngstown on the proposed merger.
Charles M. Riblet, 69, former Canton police chief, shoots to death a 25-year-old robber during a gun battle following the robbery of $7,000 from two messengers of the First National Bank in Canton.
Iron Age reports that auto makers are preparing to increase production in August, which it is predicted will spur a recovery in the steel industry.