Today is Wednesday, July 13, the 194th day of 2005. There are 171 days left in the year. On this date in 1793, French revolutionary writer Jean Paul Marat is stabbed to death in his bath by Charlotte Corday.
In 1787, Congress enacts an ordinance governing the Northwest Territory. In 1863, deadly rioting against the Civil War military draft erupts in New York City. In 1878, the Treaty of Berlin amends the terms of the Treaty of San Stefano, which had ended the Russo-Turkish War of 1877-78. In 1886, Father Edward Joseph Flanagan, the founder of Boys Town, is born in Roscommon, Ireland. In 1960, John F. Kennedy wins the Democratic presidential nomination at his party's convention in Los Angeles. In 1967, race-related rioting that claims 27 lives breaks out in Newark, N.J.
July 13, 1980: Former Youngstown Mayor Jack Hunter, Elsie Dieter, the president of the Youngstown Board of Education, and Nettie B. Ashelman of Warren, 19th District delegates to the Republican National Convention, arrive in Detroit, where they are being wooed for their support of various vice presidential hopefuls.
Youngstown and Mahoning County officials have recovered from the initial shock of the preliminary 1980 Census figures that show steep population declines and are preparing to challenge the statistics.
Sixty-eight years after the "unsinkable" luxury liner Titanic rammed an iceberg and sank in the North Atlantic, a crew of scientists and adventurers is setting out to search for the wreck with new sonar and television equipment.
July 13, 1965: A blast caused by a stick of dynamite damages the office on Youngstown-Poland Road of Dr. Victor Balmenti, a dentist who is also president of the Randall Race Track near Cleveland.
U.S. Rep. Michael J. Kirwan of Youngstown suggests renaming Mosquito Creek Reservoir "Roosevelt Reservoir" to honor two U.S. presidents of that name. The Ohio Legislature has suggested it be renamed McKinley Lake.
New standards being debated by the Ohio Board of Education would raise the minimum size of a three-year high school from 240 to 400 students, and would require the consolidation of about half of the Ohio schools.
July 13, 1955: A tentative budget of $8.6 million for fiscal year 1956 is adopted by the Youngstown Board of Education, an increase of $315,108 over appropriations for 1955.
On the 11th ballot, members of the Mahoning County Building Commission vote to hire Arsene Rousseau as architect on the new county jail and office building project.
Two small-time lottery salesmen are given a final warning by Police Chief Paul Cress that they will be arrested for loitering if they continue to try to do business on downtown street corners.
July 13, 1930: Youngstown's proposed smoke abatement ordinance is expected to decrease industrial smoke by 90 percent, based on the experience of a similar ordinance passed in Salt Lake City.
Thomas G. McDonald, one of the outstanding figures in the steel industry in the Mahoning Valley, dies in North Side Hospital in his 82nd year. The U.S. Steel Corp. had honored Mr. McDonald by giving his name to the finest plant it ever built and the town where it is located.
Mrs. Pennola Jones, the new 66-year-old mayoress of the newly incorporated Milton Village, intends to put the peaceful little village on the map. Her first priority is getting water pumped from the lake to the village for fire protection and then establishing a police department.