Today is Tuesday, July 12, the 193rd day of 2005. There are 172 days left in the year. On this date in 1984, Democratic presidential candidate Walter F. Mondale announces he has chosen U.S. Rep. Geraldine A. Ferraro of New York to be his running-mate; Ferraro is the first woman to run for vice president on a major-party ticket.
In 1543, England's King Henry VIII marries his sixth and last wife, Catherine Parr. In 1690, Protestant forces led by William of Orange defeat the Roman Catholic army of James II at the Battle of the Boyne in Ireland. In 1817, naturalist-author Henry David Thoreau is born in Concord, Mass. In 1862, Congress authorizes the Medal of Honor. In 1948, the Democratic national convention opens in Philadelphia. In 1972, George McGovern wins the Democratic presidential nomination at the party's convention in Miami Beach, Fla. In 1977, President Carter defends Supreme Court decisions limiting government payments for poor women's abortions, saying, "There are many things in life that are not fair."
July 12, 1980: The Western Reserve Transit Authority hires ATE Management and Service Co. of Cincinnati to fill three of its top management vacancies.
Girard Mayor Joseph Melfi questions U.S. Census Bureau figures that show the city's population has dropped from 14,119 in 1970 to 12,561 in 1980.
Youngstown's Julian Taylor finishes in a tie for second, two shots behind winner Rocky Miller, at the Ohio Amateur Golf Championships at Sharon Golf Club in Sharon Center.
July 12, 1965: Eight Youngstown area men pass the Ohio Dental Board examinations. They are Drs. William A. Mittler, James Hovell, Frank Karfes, Raymond Moga, William Sweeney, Eugene Triff, John Geletka and David Starr.
Mrs. Willie Holmes, 40, and her daughter, Edith, 12, of New Castle are among six people killed when a convertible and a station wagon collide in Route 22 near Easton, Pa. Mrs. Holmes' other daughter, Mary, 20, and son-in-law, Kenneth Anderson, 23, of New Jersey were also among those killed.
Roy M. Shook Jr., 12, of Boardman wins the Greater Youngstown Soap Box Derby, which is witnessed by a crowd of 10,000 on Mahoning Ave.
July 12, 1955: The Youngstown Board of Education passes a resolution reaffirming a policy adopted in 1918 against the employment of married women on a contract basis as teachers in the city schools. Of the 1,000 certificated personnel in the schools, about 60 are married women, most of whom work on a substitute basis.
The House Appropriations Committee rejects President Eisenhower's request for $30 million to provide free Salk polio vaccine for the nation's neediest children.
A 50-year-old Harper Road woman is arrested at police headquarters when she claims a purse she left behind earlier in a downtown shoe store. Inside was a loaded .38-caliber revolver. She was charged with carrying a concealed weapon.
July 12, 1930: Youngstown vice squad officers swoop down on three alleged lottery-booking places and arrest five men. Several hundred lottery slips, money wrappers, rules of the game and a total of $135 in cash were confiscated.
The Pennsylvania Railroad files an application with the Interstate Commerce Commission to buy that part of the Sharpsville Railroad extending from Wilmington Junction to New Wilmington.