Today is Monday, July 4, the 185th day of 2005. There are 180 days left in the year. This is Independence Day. On this date in 1776, the Continental Congress adopts the Declaration of Independence.
In 1802, the United States Military Academy officially opens at West Point, N.Y. In 1826, 50 years to the day after the Declaration of Independence was adopted, former presidents John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both die. In 1831, the fifth president of the United States, James Monroe, dies in New York City. In 1845, Henry David Thoreau begins his two-year experiment in simpler living at Walden Pond, near Concord, Mass. In 1939, baseball's "Iron Horse," Lou Gehrig, says farewell to his fans at New York's Yankee Stadium. In 1976, Israeli commandos raid Entebbe airport in Uganda, rescuing almost all of the passengers and crew of an Air France jetliner seized by pro-Palestinian hijackers. In 1997, NASA's Pathfinder spacecraft lands on Mars. In 2003, rhythm-and-blues singer Barry White dies in Los Angeles at age 58.
July 4, 1980: One of the Youngstown district's older steel processing firms, the Fitzsimons Steel Co., will close its 69-year-old Wilson Avenue plant, idling some 85 workers. Johnson Bronze Co. in New Castle announces that it has ceased operations indefinitely, with 200 employees being laid off.
Joseph Peroni, 4, of Bellview Ave., is recovering at home after nearly drowning in Pemberton Pool. Lifeguard Lynn Green rescued the boy after spotting him at the bottom of the pool.
When George Job was born on the Fourth of July, 1890, in England, a friend told his mother that the boy would go to America one day. And so he did, settling in Warren, where he became known as "Mr. Republican," holding various political offices over 26 years.
July 4, 1965: Proposed state park sites in northeastern Ohio are visited by 12 members of the Ohio Recreation and Natural Resources Commission to facilitate Gov. James A. Rhodes's stepped-up recreation program. Among the areas inspected were West Branch Reservoir dam site in Portage County and Mosquito Lake in Trumbull County.
Youngstown police charge a 45-year-old Pearl St. man with unlawful possession of fireworks after they confiscate 11 cartons of "poppers" and nine cartons of sparklers from the Baghdad Food Market, Wilson Ave.
July 4, 1955: Storms sweep through Ohio, causing heavy damage in the Mahoning Valley and killing a mother and her four children near Columbus. Lightning struck a tree under which the family had sought shelter. The father survived with burns.
Thousands of bathers are attracted to public and private swimming pools in and around Youngstown by sweltering heat, which was broken by a mid-afternoon storm. Youngstown's North Side pool registered attendance of 1,400 for the day.
July 4, 1930: Freddie Turner, 13, of Andrews Ave., drowns while bathing on the east side of Lake Milton.
Judge George H. Gessner orders the Mahoning Valley Sanitary District to pay Michael Donofrio $3,000 for 32 acres in Jackson Township that was appropriated for the Meander Reservoir.