Today is Sunday, July 3, the 184th day of 2005. There are 181 days left in the year. On this date in 1863, the three-day Civil War Battle of Gettysburg, Pa., ends in a major victory for the North as Confederate troops retreat.
In 1898, the U.S. Navy defeats a Spanish fleet in the harbor at Santiago, Cuba, during the Spanish-American War. In 1930, Congress creates the U.S. Veterans Administration. In 1962, Algeria becomes independent after 132 years of French rule. In 1971, singer Jim Morrison of The Doors dies in Paris at age 27. In 1986, President Reagan presides over a gala ceremony in New York Harbor that sees the relighting of the renovated Statue of Liberty. In 1988, the U.S.S. Vincennes shoots down an Iran Air jetliner over the Persian Gulf, killing all 290 people aboard. In 1995, Irish Republican Army sympathizers riot in Northern Ireland's two largest cities in outrage over the early parole of a British soldier convicted of killing a Roman Catholic woman.
July 3, 1980: Mahoning County Common Pleas Court judges say they are not surprised or concerned by a U.S. Supreme Court ruling that the public and the press have a constitutional right to attend criminal trials. "Our trials are always open and our courtrooms are never locked," says Judge Forrest J. Cavalier.
The Ohio Supreme Court rules that the late Michael Yarosh ignored the civil service status of 14 Mahoning County deputies when Yarosh fired them after taking office as sheriff.
The world's largest oil exporter, Saudi Arabia, has been amassing vast amounts of foreign currencies, particularly dollars, and these reserves of more than $60 billion have become a power unto themselves.
July 3, 1965: The Liberty Plaza will add a new Hills Department Store, a McSorley restaurant and cocktail lounge and expanded parking facilities to accommodate over 3,000 automobiles.
With Youngstown having recorded a record 17 traffic fatalities in the first half of 1965, city police are planning to mount an aggressive attack against unsafe driving during the July 4th weekend. In four years, the city has had only one Independence Day traffic death.
President Johnson's youngest daughter, Luci, 18, receives her First Communion as a Roman Catholic at St. Mathew's Cathedral in Washington. Her father, mother and older sister were in attendance.
It is the privilege and duty of Americans of Transylvanian ancestry to aid their relatives behind the Iron Curtain, Atty. Erhard Plesch of Munich, German, tells 150 people at the Youngstown Saxon Club.
July 3, 1955: Downtown underworld characters say Vince DeNiro's big, plush gambling joint behind a drive-in restaurant on McCartney Road is designed to be raid proof. DeNiro's take is estimated at $100,000 a month.
French President Edgar Faure says France is ready to withdraw its forces from South Vietnam if requested to do so by Premier Ngo Dinh Diem's government.
The Venango County sesquicentennial is expected to draw 30,000 visitors to Franklin and Oil City. Can-can dancers on a flatbed truck drive through Youngstown's Central Square to promote the week-long event.
Atty. James A. Horton, a Youngstown native who has been in Washington, D.C., some 45 years, retires after 34 years of service in top posts at the Federal Trade Commission
July 3, 1930: The tool and die departments of the Mullins Body Co. in Salem will begin day and night operations for filling an order said to amount to $2 million for passenger car automobile bodies. Gordon Keyes, vice president of the company, says it is the largest order Mullins ever received, but declined to say how many men will be hired.
The general contract for extensive alteration to the Central YMCA on N. Champion St., valued at $75,000, is awarded to the Gerrity & amp; Parrish Co. of Youngstown, says Leonard T. Skeggs, general secretary of the Y.
Chester A. Dickhaut suggests that one of the buildings in a group to be erected by the YMCA be named as a memorial to L.A. Manchester, the late president of the Y.