Today is Saturday, July 2, the 183rd day of 2005. There are 182 days left in the year. On this date in 1776, the Continental Congress passes a resolution saying that "these United Colonies are, and of right, ought to be, Free and Independent States."
In 1881, President Garfield is shot by Charles J. Guiteau at the Washington railroad station; Garfield dies the following September. In 1926, the United States Army Air Corps is created. In 1937, aviator Amelia Earhart and navigator Fred Noonan disappear over the Pacific Ocean while attempting to make the first round-the-world flight at the equator. In 1955, "The Lawrence Welk Show" premieres on ABC television. In 1961, author Ernest Hemingway shoots himself to death at his home in Ketchum, Idaho. In 1964, President Johnson signs into law a sweeping civil rights bill passed by Congress. In 1976, the Supreme Court rules the death penalty is not inherently cruel or unusual. In 1994, a U.S. Air DC-9 crashes in poor weather at Charlotte-Douglas International Airport in North Carolina, killing 37 of the 57 people aboard. In 2002, American adventurer Steve Fossett becomes the first person to fly a balloon solo around the world as he returns to western Australia.
July 2, 1980: A congressional study says a $30 billion investment will be needed in the U.S. steel industry over the next decade if it is to be revived to a level that will allow domestic producers to fight off foreign competition.
Becky Schuster of Champion and Tom Sawyer Jr. of Bristol are named 4-H Queen and King at the Trumbull County Fair.
Although Youngstown's police and fire departments have consistently ranked high in the number of on-the-job injury claims filed with Workers' Compensation, officials of the two departments angrily deny suggestions of abuse of the system made by Risk Manager John Franken.
July 2, 1965: First Lt. Thomas W. Lyons, 25, a Youngstown native and graduate of the Rayen School, is killed instantly when his plane crashes near Wheelus Air Force Base, Libya, Africa.
A report based on a sampling of comments from 18,000 Ohioans, which favors construction of the Lake Erie-Ohio River Interconnecting Waterway, is presented by Frank P. Converse Sr., Ohio labor leader, to the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
One day after announcing a new policy on hospital admissions, Youngstown North and South Side hospitals announce that they will ask incoming patients if they have a religious affiliation and will make that information available to area clergymen. The hospitals had been asked by the mayor's Human Relations Commission to eliminate references to race, religion and national origin from hospital forms.
July 2, 1955: Youngstown steel plants begin the resumption of normal activity after settlement of a 12-hour strike by the USW, but it will be several days before all steelworkers are recalled to their jobs.
Veteran Broadway Actress Isabel Bonner, 47, dies in the middle of a scene on the stage of the Carthay Circle Theater in Los Angeles. Many in the theater thought it was part of the play when she collapsed onto a hospital bed during a scene with Dane Clark, who signaled to the wings to bring the curtain down.
Gov. Frank J. Lausche issues his fifth veto of the 101st General Assembly, turning thumbs down on construction of a parking garage under the Statehouse grounds.
July 2, 1930: Ohio Secretary of State Clarence J. Brown dismisses fraud charges in the 1929 Beaver Township rural district school election, but threatens to remove the Mahoning County Board of Elections if there is a repetition of "serious irregularities" of the past.
Thirty-six young athletes, representing 18 Youngstown playgrounds, will compete for the title of senior and junior all-around champions at Evans Field.
Harry "Nick" Cooper, a former Youngstown man, is found dead in a vacant house in Columbus, the apparent victim of a hold-up.