Today is Friday, July 1, the 182nd day of 2005. There are 183 days left in the year. This is Canada Day. On this date in 1867, Canada becomes a self-governing dominion of Great Britain as the British North America Act takes effect.
In 1863, the Civil War Battle of Gettysburg begins. In 1898, during the Spanish-American War, Theo-dore Roosevelt and his Rough Riders wage a victorious assault on San Juan Hill in Cuba. In 1944, delegates from 44 countries begin meeting at Bretton Woods, N.H., where they agree to establish the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank. In 1948, the fare on New York City subways doubles from a nickel to 10 cents. In 1961, Diana, the princess of Wales, is born near Sandringham, England. (She dies in a 1997 car crash in Paris at age 36.)
July 1, 1980: At the urging of state Sen. Harry Meshel, D-Youngstown, the State Controlling Board narrowly approves the expenditure of $1 million for start-up costs of developing a high-speed rail test track in the Mahoning Valley.
GF Business Equipment Inc. and the United Steelworkers Local 1617 reach a new three-year contract in which the union forgoes across-the-board wage increase, averting what could have been a disastrous strike.
A U.S. Supreme Court ruling that the federal government does not have to pay for most abortions sought by women on welfare will very likely affect welfare abortions in Ohio, a spokesman for the Ohio Department of Public Welfare says.
July 1, 1965: Sharon City Council rejects four of six proposals by Mayor Myron Jones, including one for immediate underwriting of cost for a downtown redevelopment study.
A 22-year-old Poland man becomes the 10th persons to die in Mahoning County traffic in June as the county's 1965 total soars to nearly twice the figure for 1964. Richard L. Ferguson dies of head injuries suffered a week earlier.
At least 30 marked police cars, an undisclosed number of unmarked vehicles as well as aircraft will be used by Youngstown area law enforcement agencies during the July 4 weekend in an effort to cut down on highway slaughter.
July 1, 1955: A strike by the United Steelworkers Union that idled 50,000 men in the Youngstown district ends after just 12 hours with agreement between big steel and the unions on a 15-cent-per-hour pay increase.
A strike by more than 2,000 Ohio Edison workers is averted after the company offers a package of wages and fringe benefits totaling 12 cents an hour as the strike deadline approached.
President Eisenhower signs legislation extending until July 1, 1959the induction of men aged 181/2 through 25 for two years of military service. The legislation also continues for four years the payment of government benefits to wives, children and dependent parents of servicemen.
July 1, 1930: Franklin, Pa., is hailing Andrew Lattimer, 37, of Youngstown as a hero after he stuck to the wheel of his runaway truck on Franklin Hill, guiding it through traffic and away from buildings until it plunged into French Creek, killing him. Witnesses said he had at least a dozen chances to abandon the machine and save himself.
With at least three companies that would employ 500 persons having passed by Youngstown in recent months, the new industries committee of the Chamber of Commerce renews efforts to raise a fund to bring diversified industries in the city.