Today is Monday, Jan. 31, the 31st day of 2005. There are 334 days left in the year. On this date in 1958, the United States enters the Space Age with its first successful launch of a satellite into orbit, Explorer 1.
In 1606, Guy Fawkes, convicted for his part in the "Gunpowder Plot" against the English Parliament and King James I, is executed. In 1797, composer Franz Schubert is born in Vienna, Austria. In 1865, Gen. Robert E. Lee is named General-in-Chief of all the Confederate armies. In 1905, author John O'Hara is born in Pottsville, Pa. In 1934, President Roosevelt devalues the dollar in relation to gold. In 1944, during World War II, U.S. forces begin invading Kwajalein Atoll and other parts of the Japanese-held Marshall Islands.
January 31, 1980: Three children die in a fire that broke out in the kitchen of the home of Mr. and Mrs. Robert Bougher, Poland Avenue, Struthers.
Most Ohio Edison Co. residential customers will pay an additional $11.50 per month following approval by the Public Utilities Commission of Ohio of a $117 million rate increase.
Staughton Lynd, lawyer for the Ecumenical Coalition of the Mahoning Valley, suggests that the state may be able to help steel workers buy U.S. Steel Corp.'s Youngstown Works.
January 31, 1965: In what was probably its most spectacular performance of the season, Youngstown University's basketball team upsets a strong Philadelphia Textiles, which is ranked fourth among the nation's small colleges.
The Ohio Farm Bureau Federation says it is going ahead with its plan to buy a nationwide chain of supermarkets, with or without the backing of its national organization.
January 31, 1955: More than 500 Youngstown district Republicans attend the annual Mahoning Valley McKinley Club program at the McKinley Memorial in Niles. Leslie C. Arends of Illinois, GOP whip of the House of Representatives, is the speaker.
Four Youngstown men, three of who were arrested by Youngstown police in a raid on a North Side home, are charged in the Nov. 24 robbery of the New Waterford Bank in which $16,610 was taken.
The Hillman Lodge of the F & amp;AM is planning to erect a monument over the graves of Col. And Mrs. James Hillman in Oak Hill Cemetery. Hillman, an early trader, joined John Young when Young came to the banks of the Mahoning River in 1797 and is generally credited with helping to establish Youngstown.
January 31, 1930: An almost immediate merger of the Youngstown Chamber of Commerce with the Youngstown Board of Trade is indicated by statements released by committees of both organizations.
Sen. Brookhart reads a letter on the Senate floor claiming the Century Association, a New York Club in which President Hoover is a member, serves real gin cocktails. George W. Wickersham, chairman of the law enforcement commission, is among the club officers.
Mrs. John Willard Ford Jr. is elected president of the Youngstown Society for the Blind.
The Rev. William N. Webster, 81, of 126 Breaden St., for 57 years a pastor in Northeastern Ohio Conference of the M.E. Church, dies after being struck by an auto at Hillman and Breaden streets.