Today is Monday, Jan. 24, the 24th day of 2005. There are 341 days left in the year. On this date in 1848, James W. Marshall discovers a gold nugget at Sutter's Mill in northern California, a discovery that leads to the gold rush of '49.
In 1908, the first Boy Scout troop is organized in England by Robert Baden-Powell. In 1924, the Russian city of St. Petersburg is renamed Leningrad in honor of the late revolutionary leader (however, it has since been renamed St. Petersburg). In 1943, President Roosevelt and British Prime Minister Churchill conclude a wartime conference in Casablanca, Morocco. In 1965, Winston Churchill dies in London at age 90. In 1972, the Supreme Court strikes down laws that deny welfare benefits to people who have resided in a state for less than a year. In 1978, a nuclear-powered Soviet satellite plunges through Earth's atmosphere and disintegrated, scattering radioactive debris over parts of northern Canada. In 1985, the space shuttle Discovery is launched from Cape Canaveral, Fla., on the first secret, all-military shuttle mission. In 1989, confessed serial killer Theodore Bundy is put to death in Florida's electric chair. In 1993, retired Supreme Court Justice Thurgood Marshall dies in Bethesda, Md., at age 84. In 2003, the new Department of Homeland Security officially opens as its head, Tom Ridge, is sworn in.
January 24, 1980: Trumbull County Commissioner Margaret Dennison's attempt to rescind more than $11,000 in pay increases for the commissioners' staff fails when Commissioner Ted Vanelli refuses to support it. Mrs. Dennison voted a week earlier to approved the raises for four staff members that range from 33 to 40 percent, but then reconsidered.
The Rev. Robert H. Taylor, who retired Dec. 31 as pastor of Howland Community Church, is honored as Man of the Year by the Warren Area Jaycees. Atty. William G. Cauffield is named Young Man of the Year.
President Carter is moving to revive peacetime draft registration of America's young men -- and possibly young women -- as he pledges during his State of the Union message to block Soviet expansionism in the Persian Gulf oil area.
January 24, 1965: King's Jewelry Store, the Greyhound Bus terminal and the State Liquor Store are moving from one downtown location to another to clear the way for demolition of the buildings they now occupy and construction of the G.M. McKelvey Co. parking garage.
The 6th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals in Cincinnati turns down a request for rehearing of the convictions of Lenine Strollo and Vincent Serman on counterfeit charges.
January 24, 1955: President Eisenhower asks Congress to declare "our readiness to fight" to keep Formosa out of Red hands and "to engage in whatever operations may be required to carry out that purpose."
Frank X. Kryzan says he will soon announce a plan for attracting new industries to Youngstown, which will be highlighted by the support of several community groups.
George S. Bishop, Youngstown Realtor and banker, is elected chairman of the Mahoning County jail building commission at its first meeting.
The area's first polio case, a 10-year-old Columbiana County girl of R.D. 2, Leetonia, is reported at South Side Hospital.
January 24, 1930: "The steel business is better than anticipated and will improve much more rapidly in the near future than we thought several months ago," James A. Campbell, chairman of Youngstown Sheet & amp; Tube Co., says. Auto industry orders are better than expected.
Disappointed by lack of attendance and financial support for the Y Forum, Paul B. Davies and J.W. Reinhardt Jr., secretaries of the Forum committee, ask for a vote on whether the program should be continued.
Albert E. "Dutch" Kling, former South High football star and quarterback with the Youngstown Patrician football team for several years, faces a special board of inquiry in Washington regarding acceptance of valuable gifts from Harry F. Sinclair and Henry Mason Day, wealthy oil men, while they were inmates of the District of Columbia jail. Kling is the jail dentist.