Today is Tuesday, Jan. 18, the 18th day of 2005. There are 347 days left in the year. On this date in 1912, English explorer Robert F. Scott and his expedition reach the South Pole, only to discover that Roald Amundsen had beaten them to it. (Scott and his party perish during the return trip.)
In 1778, English navigator Capt. James Cook reaches the Hawaiian Islands, which he dubs the "Sandwich Islands." In 1788, the first English settlers arrive in Australia's Botany Bay to establish a penal colony. In 1862, the 10th president of the United States, John Tyler, dies in Richmond, Va., at age 71. In 1919, the World War I Peace Congress opens in Versailles, France. In 1936, author Rudyard Kipling dies in Burwash, England. In 1943, during World War II, the Soviets announce they have broken the long Nazi siege of Leningrad. In 1943, a wartime ban on the sale of pre-sliced bread in the United States -- aimed at reducing bakeries' demand for metal replacement parts -- goes into effect. In 1970, Mormon president David McKay dies at the age of 96. In 1975, the situation comedy "The Jeffersons," a spin-off from "All in the Family," premieres on CBS TV. In 1990, a jury in Los Angeles acquits former preschool operators Raymond Buckey and his mother, Peggy McMartin Buckey, of 52 child molestation charges.
January 18, 1980: Reflecting declining profit margins, Ajax Magnethermic Corp. may have to curtail manufacturing operations or even close its Warren plant, President John A. Logan warns.
Sharon firefighters say they will seek an injunction barring the city from forcing them to plow snow around the municipal building. Mayor Robert T. Price has ordered the firefighters to plow snow from in front of the fire department truck doors and the eastern driveway of the municipal building.
Youngstown police uncover a cache of more than 50 stolen televisions, stereo equipment, firearms and a $1,600 IBM computer at a home on Meadows Street. Police say it's the biggest fencing operation ever uncovered in the city.
January 18, 1965: New record colds are set in many parts of Ohio and Western Pennsylvania. The mercury dipped to -22 at New Wilmington, Pa., and -14 in Salem.
The long-awaited report and study on the Lake Erie-Ohio River Canal is nearly ready for release, but must first be forwarded to the U.S. Army Engineers, Ohio River Division, in Cincinnati.
January 18, 1955: The twin spires of St. Columba Cathedral, lingering reminders of the Gothic edifice destroyed by fire four months ago, are pulled down, the first step in razing the building.
Dr. Robert D. Calkins, president of the Brookings Institution, speaking at the Youngstown Club, envisions a day when all the drudgery of manual labor and routine office work will be performed by electronic devices, leaving humans free to think up new ideas.
The United Veteran Council expresses hope that an Air Force Reserve Training Center will be established at Youngstown Municipal Airport "without any further delay."
A move to build a four-lane highway between Ashtabula and East Liverpool to bring the St. Lawrence Seaway's benefits to the whole of Eastern Ohio is initiated at a meeting of about 25 representatives of the four- county area at the Youngstown Club.
January 18, 1930: Two youths, one 19 and one 20, are charged in New Castle with the murder of Clark Rea, a 60-year-old bachelor, in his home during a robbery.
Trains are running up to two hours late, Youngstown area streets are covered with one of the deepest snows of the winter and the mercury dropped to 3 degrees as the area is in the grip of a winter storm. The known death toll of the storm in Ohio is 16.
Youngstown district plant executives say hundreds of workers will be called back as the area's three major plants report increases of 5 to 10 percent in their orders.