Today is Sunday, Jan. 16, the 16th day of 2005. There are 349 days left in the year. On this date in 1920, Prohibition begins in the United States as the 18th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution takes effect. (It is later repealed by the 21st Amendment.)
In 1547, Ivan the Terrible is crowned Czar of Russia. In 1883, the U.S. Civil Service Commission is established. In 1919, Nebraska, Wyo-ming and Missouri become the 36th, 37th and 38th states to ratify Prohibition, which goes into effect a year later. In 1944, Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower takes command of the Allied Invasion Force in London. In 1964, the musical "Hello, Dolly!" opens on Broadway, beginning a run of 2,844 performances. In 1967, Alan S. Boyd is sworn in as the first secretary of transportation. In 1978, NASA names 35 candidates to fly on the space shuttle, including Sally K. Ride, who becomes America's first woman in space, and Guion S. Bluford Jr., who becomes America's first black astronaut in space. In 1979, Shah Mohammed Reza Pahlevi departs Iran for Egypt; he never returns. In 1991, the White House announces the start of Operation Desert Storm to drive Iraqi forces out of Kuwait. (Because of the time difference, it is early Jan. 17 in the Persian Gulf when the attack begins.) In 2003, the space shuttle Columbia blasts off with Israel's first astronaut, Ilan Ramon, on board. (The mission ends in tragedy Feb. 1, when the shuttle breaks up during its return, killing all seven crew members.)
January 16, 1980: The Youngstown Municipal Airport stands a better than even chance of becoming home base for an air freight service Westinghouse Electric Corp. plans to start up.
The Trumbull County Republican Party executive committee re-elects Atty. E.G. Ted Johnson to a fourth term as the party's representative on the Trumbull County Board of Elections.
A 51-year old South Side nightclub operator, still wearing a holstered pistol, is found shot to death in a parking lot at Oak Hill and Myrtle avenues. Robert Clark of Princeton Avenue operated the Casablanca Night Club at 600 Oak Hill.
January 16, 1965: Polio has almost vanished from the United States in a scant decade since the Salk vaccine was introduced. The U.S. Public Health Service says there were only 121 persons stricken in the entire nation in 1964 and fewer than 10 died. In 1952, polio peaked, with 57,879 stricken, of which 3,145 died and 20,000 were left with crippling effects.
The bodies of two transients are found frozen to death beneath the Cedar Street Bridge. Overnight temperatures were about 10 degrees above zero.
The Trumbull County grand jury declines to indict two Niles high school football players on charges of raping a 12-year-old girl.
January 16, 1955: Youngstowners contributed more than $3.5 million to fund campaigns in 1954, a record that was achieved despite the failure of 15 of the drives to meet their goals.
Atty. Robert Weimer, senior vice president of the Reserve Officer Association in Youngstown, says an Air Force reserve training center at Youngstown Municipal Airport will give the Mahoning Valley necessary air protection and improve facilities at the airport to the benefit of commercial and civilian flying.
Thomas Calderone, a South Side barbershop operator, was the choice of 2nd Ward precinct committeemen for 2nd Ward councilman, but lost the party endorsement when county Democratic Chairman Jack Sulligan overruled the ward organization vote and shifted the endorsement to 2nd Ward incumbent John Palermo.
Wally Moon, the National League rookie of the year, signs a 1955 contract with the St. Louis Cardinals that nearly doubles his rookie salary of $6,000.
January 16, 1930: The Mahoning County Chapter of the Women's Christian Temperance Union celebrates Victory Day, the 10th anniversary of the 18th Amendment to the Constitution, with a luncheon at Trinity M.E. Church. Meanwhile, Atty. J.P. Wilson, opponent of prohibition, says the "noble experiment has resulted in an ignoble failure."
C.E. Lippincott, state examiner, declares that Campbell will have no funds to pay police, firemen or other Campbell employees before Feb. 1, and possibly later.
New Castle police are looking for three young bandits who wore identical blue bandanas over their faces when they robbed and murdered Clark Rea, age 60, in his home at Coaltown.
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