Today is Monday, Jan. 10, the 10th day of 2005. There are 355 days left in the year. On this date in 1776, Thomas Paine publishes his influential pamphlet, "Common Sense."
In 1863, London's Metropolitan, the world's first underground passenger railway, opens to the public. In 1870, John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil. In 1920, the League of Nations is established as the Treaty of Versailles goes into effect. In 1928, the Soviet Union orders the exile of Leon Trotsky. In 1946, the first General Assembly of the United Nations convenes in London. In 1957, Harold Macmillan becomes prime minister of Britain, following the resignation of Anthony Eden. In 1980, former AFL-CIO president George Meany dies in Washington, D.C., at age 85. In 1984, the United States and the Vatican establish full diplomatic relations for the first time in more than a century.
January 10, 1980: Youngstown's $44 million budget for 1980 is adopted by City Council with an anticipated surplus of $200,000.
Three elementary school buildings in the Howland School District could be closed in the next few years if enrollment continues to decline, says superintendent Nick Macris.
Only about eight trucks out of the Youngstown Sanitation Department's fleet of 16 are in working order and garbage pick-up on the city's 13 routes is falling behind.
Mahoning County Democratic Chairman Don L. Hanni Jr. is chosen for a four-year term on the Board of Elections, succeeding Nicholas P. Bernard, who has been serving as board chairman.
January 10, 1965: Ursuline and Niles high schools tie for first place in the sweepstakes of the annual Chesterton Club-sponsored debate tournament, which attracted 50 teams from as far away as Cleveland.
For the first time, Youngstown University is joining with independent colleges in their annual canvass of alumni in the Youngstown district.
January 10, 1955: An armed robber escapes with $2,000 after holding up Maurice Baker, manager of the Palace Theatre, in front of the Dollar Savings & amp; Trust Co.
Bernard Hirshberg Hartzell, 50, grandson of Bernard Hirshberg, one of the founders of the Strouss-Hirshberg Co., dies of a heart attack while visiting at the home of Dr. and Mrs. L.H. Moyer, neighbors on Selma Ave.
Frank J. Lausche is sworn in as Ohio's first five-term governor. The oath was administered by Chief Justice Carl V. Weygandt of the Ohio Supreme Court, who has officiated at each of Lausche's inaugurals.
January 10, 1930: Efforts are being made in Congress to bridge the growing gap between the diminishing number of workers who receive high wages and the increasing number of employees who receive low wages. One bill provides for advance planning of public projects, such as river and harbor work, public buildings and highways, so that such projects could be started immediately in times of depression.
Representative John G. Cooper, Youngstown Republican, says he is in total sympathy with President Hoover on his plans to pursue aggressive enforcement of prohibition. The president's critics, says Cooper, are "obstructionists to good prohibition enforcement."